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a relatively short literary composition in verse, organized according to rules governing the construction of poetic language within a particular rhyme scheme. In distinction to prose, the poem is regular in composition and rhythm and therefore assumes a relatively greater weight of meaning as à whole as well as in each of its elements.
Depending on content and structure, poems are divided into various types and genres, for example, the ode, elegy, and ballad. Poems generally depict a brief but crucial and meaningful event in the life of man or nature and convey a “concentrated inner state” (G. Hegel). In the 19th and 20th centuries, the poem has been perceived primarily as a form of the lyric and contrasted to other verse genres, such as the short story in verse and the narrative poem.
REFERENCESZhirmunskii, V. M. “Kompozitsiia liricheskikh stikhotvorenii.” In Teoriia stikha. Leningrad, 1975.
Ginzburg, L. O linke, 2nd ed. Leningrad, 1974.
V. A. SAPOOOV