polarization

(redirected from polarisation)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Medical, Wikipedia.

polarization

, polarisation
Physics the process or phenomenon in which the waves of light or other electromagnetic radiation are restricted to certain directions of vibration, usually specified in terms of the electric field vector

polarization

(poh-lă-ri-zay -shŏn) The degree to which the orientation of the electric or magnetic vector in electromagnetic radiation is predictable over time. In a partially polarized wave, the vector thus shows a less random orientation in the plane perpendicular to the direction of wave motion than occurs in an unpolarized (normal) wave. Waves in which the electric vectors are entirely vertical or horizontal with respect to the direction of motion are described as vertically or horizontally plane (or linearly) polarized. In general, both polarizations are present with a relative phase difference and the wave is then elliptically polarized in the right-handed or left-handed sense accordingly as the resultant vector rotates clockwise or counterclockwise when viewed along the direction of motion of the wave; in the case where the resultant vector rotates and its magnitude remains constant, the wave is circularly polarized.

Polarization is a measure of the way in which light or other electromagnetic radiation from a celestial body is affected by factors such as scattering due to cosmic dust or strong stellar or interstellar magnetic fields, or reflection from a surface. Radio emissions from celestial sources are usually partially polarized, i.e. the waves can be considered to be composed of a completely unpolarized component plus a small polarized component. Synchrotron emission, however, may be strongly polarized. The general situation is described by the four Stokes parameters (I, Q, U, and V ), which are defined in such a manner that specifying their four values uniquely describes the state of polarization: I is a measure of the total power in the wave, Q and U define the degree of linear polarization, and V that of circular polarization. All four have dimensions of flux density. See also Faraday rotation; interstellar polarization.

polarization

[‚pō·lə·rə′zā·shən]
(electricity)
The process of producing a relative displacement of positive and negative bound charges in a body by applying an electric field.
A vector quantity equal to the electric dipole moment per unit volume of a material. Also known as dielectric polarization; electric polarization.
A chemical change occurring in dry cells during use, increasing the internal resistance of the cell and shortening its useful life.
(physics)
Phenomenon exhibited by certain electromagnetic waves and other transverse waves in which the direction of the electric field or the displacement direction of the vibrations is constant or varies in some definite way. Also known as wave polarization.
The direction of the electric field or the displacement vector of a wave exhibiting polarization (first definition).
The process of bringing about polarization (first definition) in a transverse wave.
Property of a collection of particles with spin, in which the majority have spin components pointing in one direction, rather than at random.
References in periodicals archive ?
'This technology could be integrated into existing imaging systems, such as the one in your cell phone or car, enabling the widespread adoption of polarisation imaging and new applications previously unforeseen,' said Noah Rubin, first author of the paper.
During a test run, the camera was used to show defects in injection-molded plastic objects, took it outside to film the polarisation off car windshields and even took selfies to demonstrate how a polarisation camera can visualize the 3D contours of a face.
'For example, chiral holograms can be made to display a sequence of certain images only when illuminated with light of specific polarisation not known to the forger'.
However, lesser attempts have been made to explore the extent of polarisation in Pakistan.
Another feature of the measurements is the study of polarisation properties at different rotation phases of the pulsar, which has not been done so far, reiterated Prof.
The polarisation refers to the situation when the middle class gets clustered towards the poles or in other words the incomes of any income distribution get closer to one or both extremes.
All Pixelink polarisation models include Pixelink Capture imaging software, with the ability to view four images simultaneously; each image showing one of the four polarisation angles.
This is the first time that strong nuclear spin polarisation of a defect atom in a solid is demonstrated at room temperature by spin-polarised conduction electrons.
Polarisation filters can be used, but the equipment set-up can be complex, often requiring multiple filters oriented to different directions of polarisation.
"So for example, we were able to record at zero degree polarisation. Then on top of that, we were able to record another layer of information at 90 degrees polarisation, without them interfering with each other," he added.
A high-resolution model captures 3.8-megapixel frames for detailed analysis of polarisation, even in fast-changing scenes.
Kathmandu, Dec 24 (ANI): Nepal Prime Minister Prachanda has said that the country's political forces have been heading for a new phase of polarisation with leftists on one side and 'reactionary' forces on the other.