poliovirus vaccine


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poliovirus vaccine

[¦pō·lē·ō′vī·rəs vak′sēn]
(immunology)
A vaccine prepared from one or all three types of polioviruses in a live or attenuated state.
References in periodicals archive ?
Mass campaigns conducted for a brief period (days to weeks) in which 1 dose of oral poliovirus vaccine is administered to all children aged <5 years, regardless of vaccination history.
Current Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP) recommendations specify 4 doses of trivalent inactivated poliovirus vaccine (IPV) at ages 2 months, 4 months, 6-18 months, and 4-6 years.
Moreover, attempts to develop safer and more efficient poliovirus vaccines and polio antiviral drugs are warranted.
Cost-effectiveness analysis of changing from live oral poliovirus vaccine to inactivated poliovirus vaccine in Australia.
Immunization in India with trivalent and monovalent oral poliovirus vaccines of enhanced potency.
Raul Andino of the University of California, San Francisco, and his colleagues took this poliovirus vaccine, which is live but weakened, and inserted genes that code for two crucial HIV-1 proteins.
With the certification of wild poliovirus type 2 (WPV2) eradication in 2015 and the global replacement of trivalent oral poliovirus vaccine (tOPV) containing Sabin poliovirus types 1, 2, and 3 with bivalent OPV containing only Sabin poliovirus types 1 and 3 during April-May 2016, poliovirus type 2 (PV2) is now an eradicated pathogen.
The progress of our dengue program, along with other recent achievements, such as Phase 2b field trial initiation for our norovirus vaccine candidate and our partnership with the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation to develop a Sabin-strain inactivated poliovirus vaccine (sIPV) exemplify how we are researching, developing and providing vaccines to protect populations in need, wherever they may reside.
In patients with immunodeficiency diseases, persistent infections may become established with live oral poliovirus vaccine (OPV) and develop into VDPVs (1).
In 2010, the oral polio vaccine was replaced by injectable poliovirus vaccine at the age of two months and varicella (chickenpox) at 12 months.
Since it was launched in 1988, the Global Polio Eradication Initiative (GPEI) - spearheaded by national governments, the World Health Organization (WHO), Rotary International, the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) and UNICEF - has relied on mass campaigns using the trivalent oral poliovirus vaccine, which contains all three types of the virus.