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the former central policy-making and governing body of the Communist party of the Soviet Union and, with minor variations, of other Communist parties. It was first created on the eve of the Bolshevik revolution in Russia in 1917, but it did not become fully functional until the Eighth Party Congress in Mar., 1919. Nominally elected by the central committee to direct the party between the committee's plenary sessions, the politburo, in reality, governed the country. The size of the politburo in the Soviet Union varied; from 1952 until 1966 it was called the presidium.


1. the executive and policy-making committee of a Communist Party
2. the supreme policy-making authority in most Communist countries
References in periodicals archive ?
With only one female member--the newly appointed Liu Yandong--the new Politburo continues the PRC tradition of male-dominated decision-making bodies.
The retirements of these four suggest the seriousness of the PRC leadership about mandatory retirement for Politburo members at the age of 68.
Like its predecessor in the 16th Party Congress, the new CMC includes no other Politburo Standing Committee members other than Secretary Hu, with only three (including Hu) on the Politburo.