political cleavage

political cleavage

the division within a political system into competing POLITICAL PARTIES where this leads to a two-party political system, or similar division into competing party blocs (especially a broad left-right division in the pattern of political allegiance), where patterns of allegiance are based primarily on class divisions. For a theorist such as LIPSET (1959), the pattern of political cleavage within a political system is the key to understanding and explaining different types of political system. Thus, whereas STABLE DEMOCRACIES have tended to be characterized by a clearly defined cleavage between class parties, though tempered by the existence of a fundamental CONSENSUS On ‘the rules of the political game’, other kinds of political system have lacked one or both of these requirements. See also CLASS CLEAVAGE, LEFT-RIGHT CONTINUUM.
References in periodicals archive ?
The political cleavage between the two Sharifs is too obvious to ignore and may further intensify with the impending court decision in graft cases against Nawaz and his family likely to be announced in the next few weeks.
is a salient political cleavage, but also because ethnic groups are
Topics discussed include security, sovereignty, and border protection; national versus supranational responses to the recent economic crisis; populism and political cleavage; and the success of local versus regional governance policies.
Although they write as economists, they are not oblivious to the political cleavage between European citizens and their leaders.
John Fuh-sheng Hsieh leads by demonstrating that national identity, defined as the electorate's position on the future relationship between China and Taiwan, is the most important political cleavage on the island.
I SEE someone has finally accused John Reid of being biased towards one side of Northern Ireland's heaving political cleavage.
Two types of political cleavage are exacerbated in the process: an identity cleavage, revolving around nationhood, ethnicity, or religion, and an income cleavage, revolving around social class.
However, what is important for our analyses is that the left-right dimension summarizes important aspects of political cleavage in a political system, even if they vary across nations.
So argues Kaldor (global governance, London School of Economics and Political Science, UK) as he describes how the globalization has wrought a political cleavage between universal, multicultural cosmopolitanism and the politics of particularist identities of nation, clan, religion, ethnicity, or language that gives rise to new wars.
The major political cleavage among Syrian Kurdish parties is the issue of autonomy.
After presenting the building blocks of this approach, he presents chapters on the structure of the international system; power and hierarchy; economic liberalism and market exchange in the global arena; political markets and exchange; the history of globalization over the past 100 years; political and economic market failure and social traps; the dilemma of collective goods, solutions, and hegemonic stability; interest groups and international economic foundations of political cleavage; and the impact of institutional structures.
In short, issues of national identity do constitute an important political cleavage in post-Soviet states, but others (class, age, region) are also crucial.