political modernization

political modernization

the process, usually seen as crucially affected by economic modernization, in which traditional or colonial forms of political organization and state-forms are replaced by Western state-forms, including modern POLITICAL PARTIES.

Identification of the socioeconomic requirements for ‘political modernization’ to succeed (education, the creation of appropriate POLITICAL CULTURE) was a central topic in the 1950s and 1960s in forms of POLITICAL SCIENCE and POLITICAL SOCIOLOGY influenced by SYSTEMS THEORY and STRUCTURAL-FUNCTIONALISM. Theories of political modernization of this type (e.g. D. Apter, The Politics of Modernization, 1965) usually adhered to a model of social development which saw Western European patterns of liberal democracy as the most rational and appropriate form of political development for non-European societies to pursue (see also STABLE DEMOCRACY). Understandably, such a Western-centred conception of political modernization was widely criticized. Thus the term is now used in a more open-ended way, to refer to the process of political modernization whatever its form.

References in periodicals archive ?
"Taiwan, on the other hand, has succeeded in political modernization after the end of the Kuomintang's decades-long authoritarian rule and the formation of the Democratic Progressive Party, which is where the spirit of the May Fourth Movement is firmly rooted and has flourished."
At that time, this move was considered a step towards political modernization.
The term "political development" was used in 1960s to explain the process of "political modernization" of newly emerging independent states after decolonization.
Dankwart Rustow, son of Alexander, wrote books on political modernization focusing on Turkey and Japan.
The ministry today celebrates the National Action Charter's anniversary which is considered an advanced step in the nation's political modernization journey; indicating citizens' loyalty to the Leadership, with a massive 98, 4% national consensus, according to the minister.
Political Modernization A ReaderIn Comparative Political Change.
Stephen Pull explains the program will mainly focus on four areas: the socio-economic and political modernization; development of an inclusive society; formation of a rights-based society; as well as the regional cooperation and security.
This volume describes their relatively benign state, which has served as a basis for the development of Kasakhstan, including characteristics of political modernization, the success of social modernization, a healthy judicial and legislative system, positive global and regional politics, acceptable European Union challenges and prospects for a close collaboration.
Stefan FE-le, the EU commissioner for enlargement, is more diplomatic when he told Today's Zaman that the EU is "the most fundamental anchor" for Turkey that is needed for the country's economic and political modernization.
We see political modernization in the Islamic world as essential to prevent countries from falling into the hands of extremists and allowing radical and destructive groups to mislead the population and destroy the social, ethnic and religious balance.
Brzezinski concedes numerous obstacles, not least the absence of the rule of law and the current power elite's opposition, thwart the political modernization of Russia necessary for genuine collaboration with the West.
Indeed, political modernization faces massive opposition from the Chinese Communist Party, which has no interest in surrendering its monopoly over power.