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(pŏl'ənāz`, ō'–), Polish national dance, in moderate 3–4 time and of slow, stately movements. It evolved from peasant and court processions and ceremonies of the late 16th cent. and was later used by J. S. and W. F. Bach, Handel, Mozart, Beethoven, Schubert, and Liszt. Chopin, exiled from Poland, expressed his patriotic fervor in 13 polonaises.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



(1) A stately, processional ballroom dance in ¾ time. Of folk origin, it became a court dance in France and other European countries in the 16th century. Examples are found in the suites and partitas of J. S. Bach and G. F. Handel and in works by W. A. Mozart, L. van Beethoven, C. M. Weber, and F. Schubert. The polonaise was extensively developed by F. Chopin. Other composers who wrote polonaises included M. K. Ogiński, O. A. Kozlovskii, K. Kurpiński, H. Wieniaw-ski, Z. Noskowski, and L. Rózycki. M. I. Glinka, N. A. Rimsky-Korsakov, P. I. Tchaikovsky, and other composers used the form in their operas.

(2) A stately instrumental or vocal dance-song in ¾ time. The composer Kozlovskii wrote polonaises, mainly to texts by G. R. Derzhavin, including Let the Thunder of Victory Resound.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.


1. a ceremonial marchlike dance in three-four time from Poland
2. a piece of music composed for or in the rhythm of this dance
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
Here also are the mazurkas and early polonaises, dances with a Polish national element.
Deuxieme periode: la Deuxieme Republique polonaise jusqu'en 1939;
Her output, which is documented, is said to have included polonaises for piano duet, which she played with her children, a set of waltzes entitled Echoes of Iwonicz, and some songs.
Pour rappel, le 26 Janvier dernier, la Diete, chambre basse du Parlement polonais, avait approuve un projet de loi presente par le parti de droite Droit et Justice (PiS) a l'effet de defendre la Nation polonaise contre les crimes commis sur son sol par l'occupant nazi durant la seconde guerre mondiale et d'interdire l'usage de l'expression [beaucoup moins que]camp de la mort polonais[beaucoup plus grand que].
Khartoum, 30 Aout (SUNA) - Le ministre de l'Investissement Dr Mustafa Osman Ismail a rencontre la delegation polonaise autrichien russe lors , qui est en une visite au Soudan pour identifier les d'opportunites d'investissement au Soudan et les moyens de renforcer la cooperation economique entre la Russie et le Soudan , le Soudan et les pays de l'Union Europeenne .
Il peut egalement admirerle mariage de gratte-ciel et d'espaces verts, la capitale polonaise regorge de parcs et d'arbres, une bouffee d'oxygene pour les Varsoviens en periode de canicule.
La Polonaise Justyna Kowalcyk, qui n'a pas pris part a la poursuite, etait deja assuree de remporter le gros globe de cristal, le 4e de sa carriere apres ceux de 2009, 2010 et 2011.
While Chopin's Polonaise Op 44 and the Andante Spianato and Grande Polonaise Brilliante Op 22 gave Grosvenor more scope for rubato, gradations in dynamics and shaping of phrases nothing was meretricious, structures never bent or battered.
There are hints of klezmer-tango on Herskowitz's arrangement of "Gottingen," a '60s-era hit for the French chanteuse Barbara; and polonaise rhythms vie with Arab ones for the soul of "Polonaise Libanaise," a rearrangement of Chopin's "Polonaise in F# Minor." Bassam Saba pops up again too, playing both the oud and the nay, an end-blown flute with a pleasantly nasal timbre.
To conclude his presentation, a video showing a complete choreographed Polonaise performance was shown, featuring the Polish Canadian dance ensemble Lechowia in a recent performance at the Canadian Chopin Festival in Mississauga, Ontario.
LAST Night of the Spring Proms, a superb evening of uplifting music and popular classics, comes to Birmingham later this month featuring masterpieces including Bizet: Duet from Pearl Fishers; Grieg: In the Hall of the Mountain King; Di Capua: O Sole Mio; and Tchaikovsky: Polonaise from Eugene Onegin.
On Tuesday, Margaret begins her expedition with Tchaikovsky's Dumka, an 1886 piece based on the Slavonic folk ballad form, before embarking on a lengthier journey with Chopin - playing the Polonaise in A major, Op.40, No.1; the Mazurka Op.50, No.3; and the Polonaise-Fantaisie, Op.61.