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see marriagemarriage,
socially sanctioned union that reproduces the family. In all societies the choice of partners is generally guided by rules of exogamy (the obligation to marry outside a group); some societies also have rules of endogamy (the obligation to marry within a group).
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a form of plural marriage (POLYGAMY) where a woman has more than one husband. It is regarded as a functional strategy for ensuring reproductive stability when there is a shortage of women. Compare POLYGYNY.
Collins Dictionary of Sociology, 3rd ed. © HarperCollins Publishers 2000
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



a rare vestigial form of group marriage in which one woman has several husbands. In the 19th century, polyandry was still extant, particularly among the Aleuts and some groups of Eskimos; it existed even later among some ethnographic groups of Tibet and Hindustan. Polyandry may be fraternal, as among the Tibetans, or unrelated, as in South India.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.


1. the practice or condition of being married to more than one husband at the same time
2. the practice in animals of a female mating with more than one male during one breeding season
3. the condition in flowers of having a large indefinite number of stamens
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
While both monogamous and polyandrous marriages exist side by side (together with, to a lesser extent, polygynous marriages) in agricultural areas of Tibet, it is clear from numerous studies that polyandrous marriage units are sought whenever possible.
Experimental mating of captive reared virgin females: testing for multiple paternity.--To investigate whether polyandrous T.
He added to, the large number of species with polyandrous flowers of stalked monothecate stamens have evolved in Bombacoideae and Malvoideae may indicate species radiation in connection with switch from bat to insect pollination.
Mate guarding, copulation strategies and paternity in the sex-role reversed, socially polyandrous red-necked phalarope Phalaropus lobatus.
(3) Roy and Serfes (2002) distinguish between two concepts of tenancy: polyandrous and monogamous tenancy.
"There are at least 50-60 polyandrous and polygamous families in Jaunsar-Bawar.
seeking open, temporary, polygynous, polyandrous, polyamorous,
However, female size did not contribute to the significant increase in fecundity with multiple mating because monandrous and polyandrous females were distributed randomly within each sibling group (Table 1).
These beetles are known to be polyandrous, meaning that one female can mate with multiple males.
These vampire tales, Bram Dijkstra suggests, play into and reinforce the central split that characterizes Victorian womanhood: "that of woman as man's exclusive and forever pliable private property, on the one hand, and her transformation, upon her denial of man's ownership rights to her, into a polyandrous predator indiscriminately lusting after man's seminal essence, on the other" (334).
We consider the following polyandrous interpretation of Hall marriage theorem.