Hepatitis C virus-associated Polyarteritis nodosa
. Arthritis Care Res (Hoboken) 2011; 63: 427-35.
Jameel, "Polyarteritis nodosa
presenting as acute myocardial infarction in a young man: importance of invasive angiography," Heart, vol.
Tullus et al., "Systemic polyarteritis nodosa
in the young: a single-center experience over thirtytwo years," Arthritis and Rheumatism, vol.
Other less frequent diseases include systemic lupus erythematosus, psoriatic arthritis, Wegener granulomatosis, polyarteritis nodosa
, and Churg-Strauss syndrome, among others.
Leukocytoclastic vasculitis and polyarteritis nodosa
are most frequently associated with MDS .
Donate-Moreno et al., "Isolated testicular polyarteritis nodosa
," Urology, vol.
They are of mixed origin and may be congenital, posttraumatic and iatrogenic, or associated with systemic diseases such as neoplasms or polyarteritis nodosa
. They have most commonly been reported in relation to iatrogenic causes such as open or percutaneous surgery or biopsy  and are exceedingly rare after a nonpenetrating trauma.
He was receiving immunosuppressive therapy for polyarteritis nodosa
. A chest X-ray showed heterogeneous right-sided opacity in the middle and lower lung zones.
(PAN) was first described by Kussmaul and Maier  in 1866.
Several dermatological manifestations of HCV infection have been described during the past 10 years, which include leukocytoclastic vasculitis, porphyria cutanea tarda, mixed cryoglobulinemia, lichen planus, polyarteritis nodosa
, urticaria, erythema nodosum, and erythema multiforme.
The differential diagnosis of idiopathic OM includes the following: infections (viral infections, orbital cellulitis, orbital abscess, Lyme disease, Herpes zoster, and syphilis), inflammatory reaction (trauma, foreign body, bisphosphonaterelated reaction, and postvaccinal reaction), Tolosa-Hunt syndrome, thyroid ophthalmopathy, vasculitis (Wegener's granulomatosis, polyarteritis nodosa
, rheumatoid arteritis, giant cell arteritis, and Kawasaki disease), systemic lupus erythematosus, sarcoidosis, inflammatory bowel disease, neoplasm, arteriovenous fistulas, and malformations (3).
(5) Our third case was also initially misdiagnosed as polyarteritis nodosa
due to absence of cutaneous lesions and sensory symptoms.