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1. Surgery
a. catgut, silk thread, or wire used to stitch together two bodily surfaces
b. the surgical seam formed after joining two surfaces
2. Anatomy a type of immovable joint, esp between the bones of the skull (cranial suture)
3. Zoology a line of junction in a mollusc shell, esp the line between adjacent chambers of a nautiloid shell
4. Botany a line marking the point of dehiscence in a seed pod or capsule
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



the surgical uniting, chiefly by a surgical needle and suture material, of tissues cut during surgery or separated by an injury. Threads made of silk, linen, or Dacron and other polymeric materials are used in superficial sutures. In buried sutures, which are applied to internal organs and tissues, absorbable materials, such as catgut or biologically inert polymeric threads, are used; buried sutures are not removed.

One type of superficial suture, cosmetic suture, which is applied to the face, is made using threads of horsehair or thin ca-pron. Osteorrhaphy (osteosynthesis) is a type of buried suture. Primary, primo-secondary, and secondary sutures are distinguished on the basis of when the sutures are applied, which depends on the type of wound. The sutureless union of tissues is achieved with various adhesives made from polymeric materials (for example, cyanoacrylate) or with metal clamps.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.


A distinguishable line of union between two closely united parts.
A fine thread used to close a wound or surgical incision.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
References in periodicals archive ?
Antimicrobial Coated Polyglactin 910 (Vicryl Plus) was used on 75 patients and Traditional Coated Polyglactin 910 (Vicryl) suture was used on 75 patients.
black silk, polypropylene, polyglactin 910 and chromic catgut for abdominal skin closure were included in the study.
Studies conducted to evaluate the effects of pH on different suture materials identified that polyglactin 910 retains its strength for a longer period of time under acidic and alkaline pH values.
The best results (75% of success rate) were obtained in the group were suture with polyglactin 910 3-0 and nickel-titanium clips were performed for the anastomosis.
of eyes (%) 8-0 nylon 1(2) 8-0 polyglactin 910 39 (93) Unknown 2 (5) Patch suture, no.
The use of polyglactin 910 and a good closure technique proved to be of the utmost importance in the prevention of incisional hernia, in spite of the fact that neither of the internal aponeurotic sheath nor the peritoneum was sutured.
[10] After thorough haemostasis, a number 12 suction drain was placed, and the wound was sutured using 2-0 polyglactin for the subcutaneous tissue and monofilament 4-0 polyglecaprone subcuticular sutures for skin.
In a retrospective analysis involving 387 women who underwent laparoscopic and robotic surgery, there were no cuff dehiscences in the 149 patients with laparoscopic barbed-suture cuff closure, compared with 10 of 238 (4%) with laparoscopic cuff closure with polyglactin, poliglecaprone 25, or an automated endoscopic suturing device.
In the cervix region three clamps were placed and two transfixing ligatures were applied with 0 polyglactin 910.The caudal abdominal incision was sutered with 0 polyglycolic acid with Wolff knot.
The distended crop was secured with stay sutures to the skin by using 2-0 polyglactin 910 (Vicryl, Ethicon Inc, Somerville, N J, USA) in a simple continuous pattern.
Objective: To compare quality of scar after subcuticular stitches between Polypropylene (Prolene), a non-absorbable suture, with Polyglactin 910 (Vicryl), an absorbable suture after thyroid surgery.