polysome


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Related to polysome: peroxisome

polysome

[′päl·i‚sōm]
(cell and molecular biology)
A complex of ribosomes bound together by a single messenger ribonucleic acid molecule. Also known as polyribosome.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
References in periodicals archive ?
To quantify the proportion of ribosomes in the monoribosome (monosome) and polyribosome (polysome) fractions, sucrose gradients with an EDTA-containing cushion were used to accumulate all of the different size classes of polysomes (measured as one large peak).
(2002) Crystal chemistry of the polysome ferrohogbomite-2N2S, a long-known but newly defined mineral species.
Translatable mRNAs for imported mitochondrial proteins are present in free as well as mitochondria-bound cytoplasmic polysomes," The Journal of Biological Chemistry, vol.
Ribosomal loss, degradation of polysomes, swelling of mitochondria with formation of intramatrical deposits and chromatin condensation are other changes that may occur during necrosis of renal cells [114].
USP10 interacts with many proteins localized at polysomes, such as PABPs, HuR, RACK1, and YBX1 [66].
Cell-free collagen synthesis on membrane-bound polysomes of chick embryo connective tissue and the localization of prolyl hydroxylase on the polysome-membrane complex.
In subsarcolemmic region abundant mitochondria, lipofuscin, lipid droplets, glycogenosomes, multivesicular bodies, multifilamentous body, fibrosis, satellite cells with swollen mitochondria, polysomes and abundant RER.
Biosynthesis of lysosomal hydrolases: Their synthesis in bound polysomes and the role of co- and post-translational processing in determining their subcellular distribution.
Long-term morphine treatment decreases the association of mu-opioid receptor (MOR1) mRNA with polysomes through miRNA23b.
The GSE1400 experiment compares two samples, with three replicates each: RNA associated with membrane-bound polysomes and RNA associated with free polysomes [44].
In addition, GP82 mRNAs were only found associated with polysomes in metacyclic forms [60], indicating that transcript mobilization to polysomes might be involved in regulating GP82 expression, as was reported for another T.
When DON binds to polysomes and ribosomes within animal cells, it causes peptide chains to be interrupted due to altered initiation and termination sequences.