Syllable

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syllable

A syllable is a sequence of speech sounds (formed from vowels and consonants) organized into a single unit. Syllables act as the building blocks of a spoken word, determining the pace and rhythm of how the word is pronounced.
The three structural elements of a syllable are the nucleus, the onset, and the coda.
Syllables can be structured several ways, but they always contain a nucleus, which is (usually) formed from a vowel sound. The nucleus is the core of the syllable, indicating its individual “beat” within a word; the number of syllables in a word will be determined by the number of vowel sounds forming their nuclei.
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Syllable

 

the minimal articulated unit of speech, consisting of one or several sounds that form a compact phonetic entity and that occur during one chest pulse. Proponents of various theories concerning the syllable believe that a syllable is produced by one muscular contraction, by modulation (narrowing and widening) of the pharynx, or by the degree of sonority and the order in which sounds are uttered.

A syllable is composed of a beginning (onset), a peak (nucleus), and a final part (coda). A peak is formed by simple vowels (ma-ma), by sonorants in some languages (Czech prst, “finger”), and occasionally by obstruents (psst!). A syllable’s beginning and end are formed by one or more consonants; in some languages a syllable may consist only of a peak (o-ni, “they”). Syllables are closed when they end in a consonant and open when they end in a vowel. They are uncovered when they begin with a vowel and covered when they begin with a consonant. The commonest syllable structure, found in all languages of the world, is consonant followed by vowel.

Division into syllables often does not correspond to division into morphemes. In the word ruchka (“handle”), morphemes for example, there are two syllables (ru-chka) but three morphemes (ruch-k-a). In syllabic languages, such as Chinese, morphemes are generally monosyllabic and syllable and morpheme boundaries coincide. In such languages, the beginning of a syllable is contrasted to its end, which is limited to certain permissible sounds.

V. A. VINOGRADOV

References in periodicals archive ?
One of the issues that may prevent weaker spellers using more strategies is because the cognitive load may be too great if they are still struggling with remembering all the phonemes in polysyllabic words during the encoding process.
Word type Monophthong Diphthong Polysyllabic Total number 20 15 15 Accuracy 100% 100% 96% Table 2: System test accuracy results.
If we exclude articles, prepositions and conjunctions, out of a total of 25 words we have 13 polysyllabic words: 6 trisyllables, 5 quadrisyllables and even 2 pentasyllables.
When a member of the opposition asked an awkward question, Gladstone would reply at length in long convoluted Augustan sentences full of polysyllabic words accompanied by Greek and Latin sayings.
As pointed out above, masculine line endings can be stressed and unstressed, and the unstressed syllable on position 10 may be created by a polysyllabic word or by a weakly stressed or unstressed monosyllable, such as a preposition or a conjunction.
Thus, a morpheme is typically a syllabic (occasionally polysyllabic) component of a polysyllabic word.
It considers the cognitive demands associated with combining more than two phonemes (consonant and vowel sounds) and then accurately encoding (spelling) them in the context of polysyllabic words.
The best part of the song is when Persson transforms the word "mine'' into a polysyllabic cry of love and devotion, which reminds the listener how great it is to hear Persson singing again.
The vocabulary system of Old Chinese mainly consists of monosyllabic (i.e., single syllable) words, whereas that of Modern Chinese is mainly made up of polysyllabic (i.e., two or more syllables) words.
In Finnish, where even the numerals from 1 to 10 are all polysyllabic, and four of them have eight letters and three syllables each, a year number with four digits, when written out in words, leaves no spaces, and can have dozens of letters.
Having never taken organic chemistry, I didn't know and therefore didn't care that pelagic plastic has the peculiar propensity to adsorb hydrophobic, lipophilic, polysyllabic toxins such as dichlorodiphenyltrichloroethane (a.k.a.
I find it hard to plow through the polysyllabic nouns and keep the characters and locations straight--or even to know whether the noun is a place or person!