Researchers indicated that the utilization of polyunsaturated fatty acids
increases the utilization of proteins and cholesterol and might assist in losing weight [35, 36].
Effects of n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids
in subjects with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease.
Simopoulos, "Human requirement for N-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids
," Poultry Science, vol.
Safflower oil contains 74.6g per 100g of a type of polyunsaturated fat called omega-6 linoleic acid, and no other polyunsaturated fatty acids
Mammal spermatozoa are particularly susceptible to lipid peroxidation-induced damage because they contain high levels of polyunsaturated fatty acids
and lack of antioxidant enzymes, such as superoxide dismutase, glutathion peroxidase and catalase (10).
(3.) EFSA Panel on Dietetic Products, Nutrition, and Allergies (NDA), "Scientific Opinion on Dietary Reference Values for Fats, Including Saturated Fatty Acids, Polyunsaturated Fatty Acids
, Monounsaturated Fatty Acids, Trans Fatty Acids and Cholesterol," EFSA Journal 8(3), 1461(2010).
Dietary n-6 and n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids
and colorectal carcinogenesis: results from cultured colon cells, animal models and human studies.
(2000) Polyunsaturated fatty acid
synthesis and release by brain-derived cells in vitro.
A reduction in inflammatory markers, including C-reactive protein, IL-6, COX and lipoxygenase (LOX), has been correlated with a high intake of polyunsaturated fatty acids
The odds ratios (95% CI) for the MetS in the 1st, 2nd, 3rd, and 4th quartiles for the polyunsaturated fatty acid
class were 1.00, 0.72 (0.47-1.10), 0.67 (0.43-1.05), and 0.39 (0.24-0.64), respectively (P for trend = 0.0002).
Another beneficial oil found in seafood is arachidonic acid (AA), an omega-6 polyunsaturated fatty acid
which is a precursor of prostaglandins (modulators of hormone activity) and other eicosanoids (physiologically active compounds).
Polyunsaturated fatty acids
, particularly linoleic acid, the predominant polyunsaturated fatty acid
in the diet, were considered for many years to produce a serum cholesterol reduction.