popular culture


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popular culture

literally, the practices, likes and wants of the people. Popular culture operates in the context of high or élite culture with which it negotiates, struggles and reacts and which it simulates. In some readings, it is seen as the expression of the people. For example, Fiske (Understanding Popular Culture, 1989; Reading the Popular, 1989) stresses the capacity of popular culture to articulate the people's values. However, Fiske is reacting against a strong tradition which identifies popular culture with manipulation by market forces and the dominant class. The classic statement of this position is ADORNO and HORKHEIMER's (1972) ‘culture industry’ thesis. This thesis proposes that popular culture is managed by the producers of advertising, television, cinema, pop music and other branches of the mass communications industry. These agencies are alleged to produce conformity in the people. However, within the CULTURAL STUDIES tradition, popular culture has been theorized as a contradictory space. For example, Hall and Jefferson (1976) and Hall et al. (1978) recognize that popular culture is shaped by hegemonic forces. At the same time they read popular culture as territory in which the people genuinely resist hegemonic power. See also LEISURE, TELEVISION.
References in periodicals archive ?
Fulford's strategy of expressing contempt for serious studies of popular culture on the one hand while writing about popular culture seriously on the other isn't so different from the position of popular culture in the humanities and social sciences today.
The essays in the second section, "Institutional Perspectives on Religion and Popular Culture," present various religious perspectives on the media.
From the vantage point of the present," writes Schechter, "when the latest state-of-the-art entertainments seem to offer unprecedented levels of stimulation and lifelike gore--yesterday's popular culture always seems innocent and quaint.
I developed my work on popular culture, in part, as a refuge from the complexities of Shakespeare studies almost as soon as I began to understand them.
Those circumstances, she tells us, are unfailingly associated with war, and a myriad of films and popular culture texts dating back to the Spanish-American War show this association.
She questions the validity of the portrayal in popular culture of roles.
However, despite the benefits of using popular culture to engage students in literacy studies, some teachers may be reluctant to use this approach (Kamil, Pearson, Moje, & Afflerbach, 2011; Morrell, 2002).
American popular culture emerged at the time of President Andrew Jackson.
The central thread that binds the 14 essays is a commitment to the understanding that fashion plays a unique role in popular culture, and that popular culture is a distinctive location for the representation of fashion.
Ariel Heryanto has once again approached the subject of Indonesian popular culture in his new book, Identity and pleasure: The politics of Indonesian screen culture.
Petersburg) deftly explores decades of popular culture ranging from Golden Age Hollywood films, to YouTube videos, from newspapers to beer labels, hip-hop music, and children's books in order to reveal how prison imagery shapes our understanding of who commits crimes, why, and how the criminal justice system should respond to them.