popular sovereignty

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popular sovereignty,

in U.S. history, doctrine under which the status of slavery in the territories was to be determined by the settlers themselves. Although the doctrine won wide support as a means of avoiding sectional conflict over the slavery issue, its meaning remained ambiguous, since proponents disagreed as to the stage of territorial development at which the decision should be made. Stephen A. DouglasDouglas, Stephen Arnold,
1813–61, American statesman, b. Brandon, Vt. Senatorial Career

He was admitted to the bar at Jacksonville, Ill., in 1834. After holding various state and local offices he became a U.S.
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, principal promoter of the doctrine, wanted the choice made at an early stage of settlement; others felt that it should be made just before each territory achieved statehood. First proposed in 1847 by Vice President George Dallas and popularized by Lewis Cass in his 1848 presidential campaign, the doctrine was incorporated in the Compromise of 1850Compromise of 1850.
The annexation of Texas to the United States and the gain of new territory by the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo at the close of the Mexican War (1848) aggravated the hostility between North and South concerning the question of the extension of slavery into the
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 and four years later was an important feature of the Kansas-Nebraska ActKansas-Nebraska Act,
bill that became law on May 30, 1854, by which the U.S. Congress established the territories of Kansas and Nebraska. By 1854 the organization of the vast Platte and Kansas river countries W of Iowa and Missouri was overdue.
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. Douglas called it "popular sovereignty," but proslavery Southerners, who wanted slavery extended into the territories, contemptuously called it "squatter sovereignty."
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References in periodicals archive ?
He claimed "new history of popular sovereignty has begun to be written again," claiming next year marks the 100th anniversary of founding of the Korean government.
Constitution no longer works from the point of view of popular sovereignty. It is now so difficult to amend under Article V that our popular sovereign is hardly able to stir, let alone issue lucid new commands.
Finally, chapter 6, "Popular Sovereignty in Cyberspace," pivots from a descriptive narrative of the first five chapters--even if Mueller's normative stance is evident throughout--to an explicitly prescriptive agenda.
(5) Rather, they are the means of expression of a specific political content, one which possesses its own distinctiveness, and is evidently at odds with the neoliberal worldview that has dominated the globe for the last thirty years--the demand for popular sovereignty. Populism can in this sense be understood as an ideology that centres on the demand for popular sovereignty in conditions in which this principle, formally inscribed in all republican constitutions, appears in danger.
Perhaps it is no surprise that a political theorist of national sovereignty like Rabkin would question the coherence of the concept of individual popular sovereignty that I advance in the book.
Campanilla and the more than 500 members of LEAP have argued that if true popular sovereignty is present in our country then it is but proper to place the ultimate authority of electing its highest official in the hands of its citizen in consonance to that universally accepted precept SALUS POPULI EST SUPREMA LEX (The Will of the People is the Supreme Law).
an avenue for bringing popular sovereignty to bear on the concept of
It calls on the EU and its institutions to "fully respect the democratic choices and the popular sovereignty of the Greek people and to take the appropriate structural decisions on a political level."
As Dillon writes, performative commons provided a space for exercising popular sovereignty within "a new world system--one in which colonialism and capitalism structured new relations of belonging and nonbelonging across disparate and distal sites around the Atlantic" (15).
Douglas was a leading proponent of democracy, and believed in the principle of popular sovereignty: that the majority of citizens should decide contentious issues such as slavery and territorial expansion.
Members of the Levellers, a 17th-century political grouping that advocated popular sovereignty and religious tolerance, are believed to be buried there.