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Related to populism: Populisme


in politics, a movement or political strategy that purports to endorse the will of the common or ordinary people, especially when distinguished from and opposed to a corrupt political or economic elite. Often sparked by social and economic disruption, populism typically involves a call by a charismatic leader for the people to assert their will and sovereignty and restore themselves to their rightful place in society, and the prevailing political and economic power structure is typically criticized for having displaced, neglected, or obstructed the people. Populist leaders tend to promote themselves as political outsiders, generally rejecting pluralism and basing their legitimacy on the shared values and strength of the group from which they derive their support. Populist movements and leaders, which can be on the left or right politically, often function as warning signs of a political crisis and force the established political order to respond issues they might otherwise ignore. In the United States, President Andrew JacksonJackson, Andrew,
1767–1845, 7th President of the United States (1829–37), b. Waxhaw settlement on the border of South Carolina and North Carolina (both states claim him). Early Career

A child of the backwoods, he was left an orphan at 14.
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 is usually recognized as an early populist leader, but widespread use of the term "populism" dates to the 1890s and the formation of the Populist partyPopulist party,
in U.S. history, political party formed primarily to express the agrarian protest of the late 19th cent. In some states the party was known as the People's party.
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, an alliance of agrarian interests against urban bankers and industrialists.


See B. Moffitt, The Global Rise of Populism (2016); J-W Müer, What Is Populism? (2016); C. Mudde and C. R. Kaltwasser, Populism: A Very Short Introduction (2017).

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved. www.cc.columbia.edu/cu/cup/


political movements or political parties which reflect a major disillusionment with conventional political parties and which have, or present themselves as having, the objective of returning political POWER to the mass of the people, e.g. the Narodniks in Russia in the late 19th-century, and the People's Party in the US in the same era. Populist movements have often been anti-urban, anti-industrial movements, and often also anti-big business. Sometimes they have been associated with CONSPIRACY THEORIES. In the 20th-century, the term has been applied to many political parties and to tendencies within political parties, which may be either left-wing or right-wing, e.g. the Peronist movement in Argentina, based on the urban working class, or FASCIST movements such as NATIONAL SOCIALISM in Germany

Some political strategies employed by political parties may also be described as ‘populist’, even where the party as a whole would not usually be referred to as populist, e.g. in Britain, aspects of the strategy of the modern Conservative Party under THATCHERISM.

Collins Dictionary of Sociology, 3rd ed. © HarperCollins Publishers 2000


a political strategy based on a calculated appeal to the interests or prejudices of ordinary people
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
Nor is populism an exclusive preserve of the political right-wing.
The second conceptual approach to the study of populism focuses on language.
Marine Le Pen in France or Viktor Orban in Hungary, amongst others, are trying to combine populism with anti-immigrant sentiments and authoritarian ambitions.
The Princeton political scientist Jan-Werner Muller proposes another characteristic: "In addition to being antielitist, populists are always antipluralist," he argues in 2016's What Is Populism? (University of Pennsylvania Press).
By learning from the experiences of populism in the global south, citizens, activists, journalists and politicians in the global north might avoid making the same mistakes when dealing with populists in power.
Then, in 2014, he climbed up the container of populism.
Eric Kaufman, the author of the book, 'White Shift: Populism, Immigration, and the Future of White Majorities', and one of the participants of the discussion highlighted that although the demographics were a real factor, it was the perception about demographics which was driving Populism and the ideas like Brexit and Trump.
This new type of politics has been termed as nationalist populism. It has no ideology because there are left wing and right wing personalities who espouse this advocacy.
In data released earlier this month, the international network of academics involved in the work highlight the extent of what is around a two decade rise in populism by analysing speeches -- through textual analysis -- by key leaders in 40 countries during this period.
Their electoral success is a microcosm of a wider upending of the global political landscape shown in the Global Populism Database, which is a comprehensive tracker of populist discourse.
While many political scientists believe Bolsonaro is a singular phenomenon in Latin America and Caribbean politics, accumulating evidence suggests that the authoritarian regimes of Venezuela, Cuba, and Nicaragua now paint populism as the new weapon against various aspects of liberal democracies in Latin America and the Caribbean.