(redirected from populisms)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus.
Related to populisms: Populisme


in politics, a movement or political strategy that purports to endorse the will of the common or ordinary people, especially when distinguished from and opposed to a corrupt political or economic elite. Often sparked by social and economic disruption, populism typically involves a call by a charismatic leader for the people to assert their will and sovereignty and restore themselves to their rightful place in society, and the prevailing political and economic power structure is typically criticized for having displaced, neglected, or obstructed the people. Populist leaders tend to promote themselves as political outsiders, generally rejecting pluralism and basing their legitimacy on the shared values and strength of the group from which they derive their support. Populist movements and leaders, which can be on the left or right politically, often function as warning signs of a political crisis and force the established political order to respond issues they might otherwise ignore. In the United States, President Andrew JacksonJackson, Andrew,
1767–1845, 7th President of the United States (1829–37), b. Waxhaw settlement on the border of South Carolina and North Carolina (both states claim him). Early Career

A child of the backwoods, he was left an orphan at 14.
..... Click the link for more information.
 is usually recognized as an early populist leader, but widespread use of the term "populism" dates to the 1890s and the formation of the Populist partyPopulist party,
in U.S. history, political party formed primarily to express the agrarian protest of the late 19th cent. In some states the party was known as the People's party.
..... Click the link for more information.
, an alliance of agrarian interests against urban bankers and industrialists.


See B. Moffitt, The Global Rise of Populism (2016); J-W Müer, What Is Populism? (2016); C. Mudde and C. R. Kaltwasser, Populism: A Very Short Introduction (2017).

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved. www.cc.columbia.edu/cu/cup/


political movements or political parties which reflect a major disillusionment with conventional political parties and which have, or present themselves as having, the objective of returning political POWER to the mass of the people, e.g. the Narodniks in Russia in the late 19th-century, and the People's Party in the US in the same era. Populist movements have often been anti-urban, anti-industrial movements, and often also anti-big business. Sometimes they have been associated with CONSPIRACY THEORIES. In the 20th-century, the term has been applied to many political parties and to tendencies within political parties, which may be either left-wing or right-wing, e.g. the Peronist movement in Argentina, based on the urban working class, or FASCIST movements such as NATIONAL SOCIALISM in Germany

Some political strategies employed by political parties may also be described as ‘populist’, even where the party as a whole would not usually be referred to as populist, e.g. in Britain, aspects of the strategy of the modern Conservative Party under THATCHERISM.

Collins Dictionary of Sociology, 3rd ed. © HarperCollins Publishers 2000


a political strategy based on a calculated appeal to the interests or prejudices of ordinary people
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
By learning from the experiences of populism in the global south, citizens, activists, journalists and politicians in the global north might avoid making the same mistakes when dealing with populists in power.
Populisms explains and expands upon the definition of populism.
Much has been written in the West on populism since the shock victory of Donald Trump.
In his cross-national comparative study, political scientist Robert Dix (1985) uses the term "authoritarian populism" to describe three heads of state that spawned populisms: Argentina's Juan Domingo Peron (Justicialist Party, Labor Party, 1946-55, 1973-74), Chile's Carlos Ibanez del Campo (Independent 1927-31 and 1952-58), and Colombia's Gustavo Rojas Pinilla (National Popular Alliance, 1953-57).
Right-Wing Populism in Europe: Politics and Discourse, edited by Ruth Wodak, Majid KhosraviNik and Brigitte Mral, compiles theoretically and methodologically rich articles analyzing the rise of radical right movements, discourses and political parties in Europe.
Trump's populism surely played a role in the surge of white working-class voters to the GOP ticket in 2016.
They point out that many parties have adopted strong anti-elite narratives, with some eschewing more hard line left-wing economic policies often associated with this type of populism. Right-wing populism of the kind associated with Donald Trump in the United States and Marine Le Pen's National Front in France is largely absent from party politics.
Springsteen's post-9/11 populism presents critics with a special task of unraveling the people from the nation.
Now, let us look schematically at what populisms can accomplish:
Historians and political scientists have argued for decades about what exactly populism is, and they haven't always come to the same conclusions.
Legal scholars, and in particular constitutional law scholars, are only beginning to grapple with the idea of populism and its implications for the range of normative ends public lawyers typically pursue.