populism

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populism,

in politics, a movement or political strategy that purports to endorse the will of the common or ordinary people, especially when distinguished from and opposed to a corrupt political or economic elite. Often sparked by social and economic disruption, populism typically involves a call by a charismatic leader for the people to assert their will and sovereignty and restore themselves to their rightful place in society, and the prevailing political and economic power structure is typically criticized for having displaced, neglected, or obstructed the people. Populist leaders tend to promote themselves as political outsiders, generally rejecting pluralism and basing their legitimacy on the shared values and strength of the group from which they derive their support. Populist movements and leaders, which can be on the left or right politically, often function as warning signs of a political crisis and force the established political order to respond issues they might otherwise ignore. In the United States, President Andrew JacksonJackson, Andrew,
1767–1845, 7th President of the United States (1829–37), b. Waxhaw settlement on the border of South Carolina and North Carolina (both states claim him). Early Career

A child of the backwoods, he was left an orphan at 14.
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 is usually recognized as an early populist leader, but widespread use of the term "populism" dates to the 1890s and the formation of the Populist partyPopulist party,
in U.S. history, political party formed primarily to express the agrarian protest of the late 19th cent. In some states the party was known as the People's party.
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, an alliance of agrarian interests against urban bankers and industrialists.

Bibliography

See B. Moffitt, The Global Rise of Populism (2016); J-W Müer, What Is Populism? (2016); C. Mudde and C. R. Kaltwasser, Populism: A Very Short Introduction (2017).

populism

political movements or political parties which reflect a major disillusionment with conventional political parties and which have, or present themselves as having, the objective of returning political POWER to the mass of the people, e.g. the Narodniks in Russia in the late 19th-century, and the People's Party in the US in the same era. Populist movements have often been anti-urban, anti-industrial movements, and often also anti-big business. Sometimes they have been associated with CONSPIRACY THEORIES. In the 20th-century, the term has been applied to many political parties and to tendencies within political parties, which may be either left-wing or right-wing, e.g. the Peronist movement in Argentina, based on the urban working class, or FASCIST movements such as NATIONAL SOCIALISM in Germany

Some political strategies employed by political parties may also be described as ‘populist’, even where the party as a whole would not usually be referred to as populist, e.g. in Britain, aspects of the strategy of the modern Conservative Party under THATCHERISM.

populism

a political strategy based on a calculated appeal to the interests or prejudices of ordinary people
References in periodicals archive ?
In a time when societies are characterized by the expression of numerous demands by various groups, most of which cannot be satisfied, a kind of internal frontier is created by populist politicians.
Summary: The conventional wisdom about European Commission President-elect Ursula von der Leyen's confirmation by the European Parliament this month is that Central and Eastern European populists pushed her over the line.
In authoritarian and populist states, social movements, activists, and dissidents find themselves experiencing increasingly brazen forms of repression.
The most interesting case is Slovakia, where the polls leading up to this spring's election showed a pair of populist candidates in the lead.
What fuels populist politics is that concept of the people battling the elite.
Farage is like many in racist populist parties, inciting fear and divisions, scapegoating foreigners and foreign institutions like the EU.
In "Populisms: A Quick Immersion", Professor Torre analyzes populism globally and through the lens of Latin America, where populists have governed since the 1930s and 1940s up to the present.
All this time, the prime minister-in-waiting, Imran Khan remained popular but not a populist leader.
It wasn't a populist triumph in Slovakia last month either.
If the factors driving populism worsening income inequality and globalization benefiting only a few continue, then removing a populist leader will only see the rise of another populist leader as replacement.
These issues are creating new risks for business, from the security of their employees and property in the face of increasing terrorism risk, to impacts on their supply chains and investments as a result of populist government policies, said the Aon report.
According to a new report, seven of 21 right-wing populist parties in Europe explicitly question climate science, while 11 take either no stand or an inconsistent approach.