portico

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portico

(pôr`tĭkō), roofed space using columns or posts, generally included between a wall and a row of columns or between two rows of columns. In Greece the stoastoa
, in ancient Greek architecture, an extended, roofed colonnade on a street or square. Early examples consisted of a simple open-fronted shed or porch with a roof sloping from the back wall to the row of columns along the front.
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 was a portico of the first type; in Greek temples porticoes terminated the front and rear ends of the naosnaos
, inner portion of a Greek temple, enclosed within walls and generally surrounded by colonnaded porticoes. In it stood the statue of the deity to whom the temple was consecrated.
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—called pronaos and opisthodome, respectively—and were included in the colonnade surrounding the building. Roman temples, rarely peripteral (surrounded by columns), had a portico at the front end only. Such temples were called prostyle temples; those having porticoes at both front and rear were termed amphiprostyle. The projection of Roman porticoes was generally three columns deep. In recessed porticoes the front colonnade is flanked by the extended side walls of the building, as in most Greek examples.

Portico

A range of columns or arches in front of a building, often merged into the facade, including a covered walkway of which one or more sides are open. It includes every kind of covered ambulatory.

Portico

 

a projecting part of a building, open on one or three sides and formed by columns or arches that support the roof. The portico is usually at the main entrance and is covered by a pediment or attic.

Porticoes were widespread in antiquity and were part of the architecture of ancient Greek temples; during that epoch freestanding porticoes were also often constructed. The portico was also important in modern European architecture, particularly during the classical period of the 18th and the first third of the 19th century. In 19th- and 20th-century architecture, pillars have often substituted for columns in portico construction.

portico

[′pȯrd·ə‚kō]
(architecture)
A colonnade or other sheltered place to walk in.

portico

1. A covered entrance whose roof is supported by a series of columns or piers, commonly placed at the front entrance to a building.
2. A stoa.

portico

1. a covered entrance to a building; porch
2. a covered walkway in the form of a roof supported by columns or pillars, esp one built on to the exterior of a building
References in classic literature ?
They talked about it, sipping their coffee on the ruined portico. Mam'selle Pauline was terribly excited; the flush that throbbed into her pale, nervous face showed it; and she locked her thin fingers in and out incessantly.
For a moment she directed her steps toward the portico -- then turned, and looked about her, doubtful where to go, or what to do next.
When Mademoiselle Cormon reached the level of the portico she looked about her courtyard with an air of satisfaction.
Then, at a gesture from her mistress, she ran headlong down the steps of the portico.
The postilion, a friend of his, took pride in making a fine turn-in, and drew up sharply before the portico. The abbe came forward to greet his guest, whose carriage was emptied with a speed that highwaymen might put into the operation; the chaise itself was rolled into the coach-house, the gates closed, and in a few moments all signs of Monsieur de Troisville's arrival had disappeared.
He recollected, however,(talking of the porticoes,) that one affixed to an inferior palace in a kind of suburb called Carnac, consisted of a hundred and forty-four columns, thirty-seven feet in circumference, and twenty-five feet apart.
Hamel and Gerald stood under the great stone portico, watching.
She paused for a few moments in the portico to finish buttoning her gloves.
"I follow the fate of the Ottoman porticos as I do for other works here," said Durgut, adding that one third of the porticos were removed and moved to a warehouse in Muzdalifah.
"The architecture of the building consists of a Doric basement, four Ionic porticos, surmounted by a Corinthian tower.