Scleritis

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Related to posterior scleritis: anterior scleritis, nodular scleritis

Scleritis

 

inflammation of the sclera caused chiefly by rheumatism, tuberculosis, brucellosis, or viral and other infections. It is marked by severe irritation of the eye, pain, and formation of an infiltrate in the sclera. Scleritis is often complicated by keratitis and iridocyclitis. In episcleritis, which is the inflammation of the outermost layers of the sclera, irritation is less pronounced and visual acuity usually remains unimpaired. Scleritis is treated with physiotherapy, antibiotics, and hormonal drugs and with local application of heat and corticosteroids.

References in periodicals archive ?
Reduced visual acuity is much more common in eyes with posterior scleritis and has been noted in 30% of patients who in one study lost two or more lines of Snellen acuity, despite optimal treatment.
EDI-OCT in Posterior Scleritis. Scleritis is a serious, painful, and potentially blinding inflammation that affects the sclera.
The choroid, being in a close apposition to the sclera, is found to be thickened during acute attacks and thinned after repeated episodes of posterior scleritis. In two cases with new onset acute noninfectious posterior scleritis a marked thickening of the choroid was noted [58].
Posterior segment findings may include vitreitis, retinal detachment, posterior scleritis, central retinal vein occlusion, retinal vein branch occlusion, cilioretinal artery occlusion, increased venous tortuosity, retinal hemorrhage, and soft exudates.
The aim of the study was to report a case with MM presented with bilateral posterior scleritis.
The differential diagnosis should include sarcoidosis, sympathetic ophthalmia, idiopathic uveal effusion syndrome, B-cell lymphoma, posterior scleritis and acute posterior multifocal placoid pigment epitheliopathy.
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