postimperialism

postimperialism

a concept in which the ending of COLONIALISM after World War II and the emergence of several major economic and political national groupings are associated with the end of exploitative relationships between nations characteristic of the period of IMPERIALISM from the end of the 19th-century until the mid-20th. This idea was particularly developed from the mid-1970s by political scientists in the US, notably Richard L. Sklar and David G. Becker (see Becker et al., 1987, for some key essays). They take the view that capitalism in the late 20th-century involves nonexploitative relations between nation states and a growing congruence between the interests of dominant classes internationally Central to the analysis is not just the end of colonialism but the idea that MULTINATIONAL COMPANIES bring benefits to THIRD WORLD countries in the form of capital, secure markets and technologies. These companies no longer necessarily represent the national interests of their countries of origin, the industrial capitalist societies. Further, the bourgeoisie in the Third World involved in these enterprises are nationalistic, counter to FRANK's argument that they comprise a comprador bourgeoisie (see COMPRADOR CAPITALIST).

These arguments run counter to those of DEPENDENCY THEORY and many other contemporary approaches to the Third World. Whilst it is recognized that there are problems with nearly all such general approaches, postimperialism theory has had limited impact. This is because of disagreements over the beneficial role of multinational corporations for Third World countries and scepticism about the role of the national bourgeoisie in economic development. see also UNEQUAL EXCHANGE.

References in periodicals archive ?
To demonstrate this, I will "reverse the controls," as Smiley does midway through the novel (le Carre 1999a, 301), and re-examine Westerby's tour of Southeast Asia in the light of anti-Communism rather than postimperialism.
As part of this, some of us regionalize French postimperialism into a broader adventure into Africa.
Sklar, Postimperialism: A Class Analysis of Multinational Corporate Expansion, 9 COMP.
(eds.), Postimperialism. International Capitalism and Development in the Late Twentieth Century, Lynne Rienner Publishers, Colorado, 1987, pp.
In Postimperialism and World Politics (1999), which they edited, Richard Sklar argues that "in all modern societies, socialist thought and policy interact with capitalist thought and policy in enterprises and society at large, as is manifest in labor relations, various forms of industrial democracy, and participatory rights for labor unions, communities, and consumer groups."
Sklar's The Corporate Reconstruction of American Capitalism: 1890-1916, Postimperialism and World Politics; N.
Postimperialism is a concept the editor uses to imply postcolonial factors from the point of view of those who were colonized by the British (i.e., the inhabitants of New Zealand), and it also includes the influence that Europe and America exert on the country.
And the lack of a clear framework shows when Skak abandons a discussion of postimperialism in her treatment of Hungary.
and Richard SKLAR 1987 "Why Postimperialism?" in Postimperialism: International Capitalism and Development in the Late Twentieth Century, edited by David G.
I think that is already the case with the notion introduced at this roundtable to discard the term and substitute the word postimperialism. And why do some suggest that it should be discarded?
(9)Now that we seem to have entered the age of "post" everything, including "post-Marxism," I suppose the term to use would be "post-imperialism." See David Becker and Richard Sklar, Postimperialism: International Capitalism and Development in the Late Twentieth Century (Boulder: Lynne Reinner Publishers, 1987).