blues

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Related to postpartum blues: postpartum psychosis

blues:

see jazzjazz,
the most significant form of musical expression of African-American culture and arguably the most outstanding contribution the United States has made to the art of music. Origins of Jazz

Jazz developed in the latter part of the 19th cent.
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Blues

 

(English; abbreviation of “blue devils”—despondency, melancholy, sadness), solo lyrical song of American Negroes from the banks of the Mississippi.

The blues have been known since the late 19th century; they usually embody a lament for lost happiness. Themes of social protest began to appear in the blues early in the 20th century. To a large degree, the musical features of the blues were inherited from the music of the African peoples: syncopation (dislocation of rhythmic stresses), sliding, unfixed diminution of the modal scale (so-called blues modulations), and improvisation of execution (particularly in instrumental interludes). The form of the blues consists of variations.

The blues were initially performed to banjo accompaniment, and later, to guitars. The song St. Louis Blues (1914) by the Negro professional musician W. Handy began the broad spread of the blues in the Negro sections of cities. A number of the features of the blues were adopted by jazz music of the variety stage (estrada); in jazz music, the blues developed as instrumental dance pieces. The musical form and genre features of the blues have been utilized by many 20th-century composers—for example, G. Gershwin in the USA, M. Ravel in France, and E. Csenec in Austria.

S. P. PANKRATOV

blues

melancholy, bittersweet music born among American Negroes. [Am. Music: Scholes, 113]
References in periodicals archive ?
Result: After the 3-month follow-up, the results revealed positive effects of the Self-EAR program on postpartum blues scores (p-value=0.002) and serum allopregnanolone concertation (pvalue=0.001).
Clinicians document significant correlation between the postpartum blues and postpartum depression.
The findings were strongest on day 5, the day when postpartum blues is usually the most severe.
Postpartum Blues. Postpartum blues, also referred to as the "baby blues," identifies the most common postpartum depressive disorder.
Bankers have been predicting almost since Kerkorian and Seven's acquisition of MGM closed in October that the studio would have to raise new money within a year or two, although people close to MGM flatly deny any problems and attribute any morale dip to "postpartum blues" following completion of the studio's sale.
Mood disturbances may have a minor functional impact that respond well to social support (eg, postpartum blues) or cause significant functional compromise requiring more aggressive therapy (eg, postpartum depression).
However, the less serious postpartum blues usually can be treated with rest, family support, and reassurance.
How are you handling postpartum blues? I am still working it out.
(3) Women in the postpartum period can experience several affective, anxiety, and psychotic disorders, ranging in severity from the common "postpartum blues" experienced by 50-85% of mothers to postpartum psychosis with a prevalence of 0.2% among childbearing women.
In the United States known risk factors for violence during pregnancy include marital age, ethnicity, marital status, education, alcohol use and drug Abuse.4,5 Domestic violence can have long term health consequences for victims including psychiat- ric illness, such as depression, anxiety, post-traumatic stress disorder and varying degrees of sexual and physical trauma, and injury.1,6,7 Postpartum blues and postpartum depression might thus be the correct outcome measures that can reflect the real impact of domestic violence in pregnancy in Iranian community.
In one study, women reporting a family history of depression or a personal history of life stressors, 'postpartum blues,' or sexual abuse were at higher risk through the transition.
"Postpartum blues" are extremely common, affecting 50%-85% of women.