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see birth controlbirth control,
practice of contraception for the purpose of limiting reproduction. Methods of Birth Control

Male birth control methods include withdrawal of the male before ejaculation (the oldest contraceptive technique) and use of the condom, a rubber sheath
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methods and agents for preventing pregnancy; contraception may be physiological or artificial.

There are days of “physiological sterility” during each menstrual cycle: in a 21-day cycle these are days one and 15–21; in a 28-day cycle, days one to six and 22–28; and so on for other cycles. However, contraception based on these physiological characteristics is not entirely dependable, since the periods of ovulation may vary. Temporary sterility (inability to conceive) also occurs in many women during breast-feeding, particularly during the first postpartum months.

Artificial contraception includes the use of mechanical, chemical, biological, or surgical agents and methods or a combination of them. Contraception has a great social impact as a principal method for the prophylaxis of abortion, for family planning, and for regulation of population growth in individual countries.


Prevention of impregnation.
References in periodicals archive ?
One of the participant did not specify a preferred method of postpartum contraception and another participant claimed that she preferred sterilization as her postpartum method of contraception.
Major Finding: Prenatal documentation of a plan for postpartum contraception was associated with greater use of long-acting reversible contraception at 6 weeks after delivery (OR, 3.
Most importantly, it can also identify weaknesses in training, equipment, and supplies and contribute to improving the health of the population through the provision of effective postpartum contraception.
Use of postpartum contraception can help teens avoid repeat births.
Potter RG, Kobrin FE and Langsten RL, Evaluating acceptance strategies for timing of postpartum contraception, Studies in Family Planning, 1979, 10(5):151-160.
Addressing the unmet need for postpartum contraception is a complicated task, and will require government support combined with innovative community-based programming.
When the data were broken down by race, the use of highly effective postpartum contraception ranged from a low of 35% among Asian/Pacific Islanders to a high of 71% among black women and American Indian/Alaska Native women, Dr.
3) Postpartum contraception is recommended, to ensure adequate spacing between (or prevention of) pregnancies.
First, respondents from PRAMS were interviewed in the period shortly after giving birth; later follow-up is needed to better understand longer-term use of postpartum contraception and determinants of repeat teen childbearing.
METHODS: An evaluation was conducted of a behavior change communication intervention integrated into the existing government program to increase knowledge and use of the lactational amenorrhea method and postpartum contraception through counseling by community workers.
We do really want providers to know that progestin-only methods are safe [immediately PP], and that it's important for them to talk to their patients about postpartum contraception," said Dr.
When the data were broken down by race, highly effective postpartum contraception use ranged from a low of 35% among Asian/Pacific Islanders to a high of 71% among black women and American Indian/Alaska Native women.