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Inflammation of the thyroid gland.



inflammation of the thyroid gland caused by nonspecific infection (for example, staphylococcosis), specific infection (tuberculosis), poisoning (by lead or carbon monoxide), or autoimmune diseases. Symptoms include pain upon swallowing or moving the head backward, throbbing pain in the ears and lower jaw, elevated body temperature, enlargement of the neck, and tenderness of the regional lymph nodes. The course of thyroiditis may be acute, subacute, or chronic. Treatment calls for the use of antiinflammatory agents, analgesics, antibiotics, corticosteroids, thyroidin, and vitamins. Suppurative thyroiditis is treated surgically.

References in periodicals archive ?
Postpartum thyroiditis is significantly present in women of postpartum period, which usually goes undiagnosed.
Postpartum thyroiditis and autoimmune thyroiditis in women of childbearing age: recent insight and consequences for antenatal and postnatal care.
Postpartum thyroiditis is not different from silent thyroiditis clinically, except that it occurs after pregnancy.
Postpartum thyroiditis carries a 30% risk of recurrence.
Postpartum thyroiditis may be associated with depression or aggravate symptoms of depression, although the data on this association are conflicting.
a) Hyperthyroidism Primary Postpartum thyroiditis Postpartum Graves disease Secondary None(b) Hypothyroidism Primary Postpartum thyroiditis Secondary Lymphocytic hypophysitis Postpartum pituitary necrosis (Sheehan syndrome) (a) Modified from Browne-Martin and Emerson (44).
Postpartum thyroiditis is common, yet its presence frequently goes unrecognized.
Several previous reports[3,11] have included this category of patients in the disease group when reporting on the frequency or prevalence of postpartum thyroiditis.
The initial thyrotoxic phase of postpartum thyroiditis usually appears in the first 1-3 months after delivery and lasts for 1-2 months, frequently followed by hypothyroidism that develops 3-6 months after delivery.
The cause of postpartum thyroiditis is not known, but it could be caused by the rebounding immune system after the birth a child.

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