Postposition


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Related to Postposition: prepositions

Postposition

 

a class of auxiliary words having the meaning of prepositions, but occurring postpositively, that is, after the words they govern. Postpositions are common in various languages, including the Finno-Ugric, Turkic, Mongolian, Caucasian, and Tunguso-Manchurian. Examples are seen in the Tatar tavlar arasïnda (“between the mountains”; arasïnda means “between”), the Chuvash shïv urla (“across the river”; urla means “across”), and the Hungarian a tábla mellett (“beside the board”; mellett means “beside”). Some postpositions may take a case ending, as can be seen by comparing the Zyrian pu vylyn (“on the tree”; locative case), pu vylyś (“away from the tree”; ablative case), and pu vylǝ (“onto the tree”; aditive case). In some instances, postpositions are also used as substantives and with an independent meaning, as in the Tatar ara (“space,” “interval”) and arasïnda (“between”) and the Udmurt vylyn (“on”) and vyl (“surface”).

References in periodicals archive ?
Postpositions are the norm in Sahmirzadi (12) as in other Caspian varieties.
The agentive marker -s of modern Tibetan is very similar in form to the grammaticalized relict of 'place' in Classical Tibetan, so this constitutes another instance of the relational noun > oblique postposition > core case marker development that is attested in many head-final languages.
When counting the number of words, postpositions that are attached at the end of words in Korean were not counted as a word because the Korean syntax does not allow a blank between noun and the postpositions, therefore they were allowed to be omitted without loss of meaning.
Correlations After Initiating Hourly Rounding Correlations PostPain PostPosition PostToilet PostPain Pearson 1 .484 ** -.038 Correlation Sig.
The differences between preposition (baseline immediately before position change) and postposition (15 minutes after position change) measurements for Pbt[O.sub.2], ICE and CCP were examined using either the Student's t test or the Wilcoxon signed-rank test for paired data depending on distribution of the data.
The same meaning in Dutch in (7b) is expressed by means of the postposition vandaan.
En outre, on aura remarque la syntaxe particuliere de ce passage au discours indirect libre avec, notamment, la dislocation par postposition du referent (<<Where are they now, the Hillman Imps of yesteryear?>>), qui est plutot une construction caracteristique du francais.
noun phrase with postposition "[TEXT NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII](wa),"
The typical example is the Balkan area, where languages of different types and families, such as Romanian (Romance), Albanian, Greek, and the Slavonic languages Macedonian and Bulgarian share, in partial or complete form, the absence of verbal infinitives, the postposition of the definite article, certain aspectual distinctions in verbs, etc.
(4) khyim "house" (independent stem) na (Particle, originally abstract location "the inside"; later only as a postposition for building the locative: khyim na "at home")