Postposition

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Related to postpositional: interjection, Adposition

Postposition

 

a class of auxiliary words having the meaning of prepositions, but occurring postpositively, that is, after the words they govern. Postpositions are common in various languages, including the Finno-Ugric, Turkic, Mongolian, Caucasian, and Tunguso-Manchurian. Examples are seen in the Tatar tavlar arasïnda (“between the mountains”; arasïnda means “between”), the Chuvash shïv urla (“across the river”; urla means “across”), and the Hungarian a tábla mellett (“beside the board”; mellett means “beside”). Some postpositions may take a case ending, as can be seen by comparing the Zyrian pu vylyn (“on the tree”; locative case), pu vylyś (“away from the tree”; ablative case), and pu vylǝ (“onto the tree”; aditive case). In some instances, postpositions are also used as substantives and with an independent meaning, as in the Tatar ara (“space,” “interval”) and arasïnda (“between”) and the Udmurt vylyn (“on”) and vyl (“surface”).

References in periodicals archive ?
Korean is an agglutinative language where a (dative) case is assigned by adding the postpositional -cwe morpheme.
When the enclitic is suffixed to the postpositional element at the end of the phrase, as in keziya behwala-mm 'after that', a reading as topic constituent in focus is achieved.
It was said above that 45 out of the 49 occurrences of betweonum in the Orosius are in the postpositional formula him betweonum".
The postpositional role of Ossetian cixsdn patently represents a secondary development, the basic function of the word being that of a noun meaning 'middle'.
Lastly, postpositional use of * en is well known from en-locatives such as * g[g.sup.h]eimen 'in the winter'.
While postpositional adverbs, such as egyutt, 'together', combine noun phrases that are already case marked (egyutt requires nouns marked by -val/-vel, 'with' (3)), true postpositions and case suffixes combine with bare nouns without any previous case marking (highlighted here by '[??]' on the noun): (4)
The aim of our paper is to investigate a particular implementation of the grammaticalization path that transforms postpositional constructions into case forms by analyzing the properties of some new cases that have developed in the Beserman dialect of Udmurt.
the postpositional object form) and Object form (i.e.
Here too, the old postpositional article, which eventually loses its definiteness in Middle Aramaic, is reintroduced in Neo-Aramaic by a prefix (kalba '(the) dog' > u-kalba 'the dog').
In (2b), the first word, uts'e', constitutes a postpositional phrase, with a third person pronoun prefix as object.
Ahlqvist (1856 : 72-73) and Agranat (2007 : 40, 111) qualify the corresponding forms as postpositional constructions.
Unlike Makasae and Makalero, the caused event in Bunaq is not limited to simple intransitive verbs, but has been extended to include fully specified clauses with verbs of any valency plus its arguments, as well as postpositional phrases and adverbials and so forth (see examples in [section]2.2 for illustration of this).