Postposition

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Related to postpositional: interjection, Adposition

Postposition

 

a class of auxiliary words having the meaning of prepositions, but occurring postpositively, that is, after the words they govern. Postpositions are common in various languages, including the Finno-Ugric, Turkic, Mongolian, Caucasian, and Tunguso-Manchurian. Examples are seen in the Tatar tavlar arasïnda (“between the mountains”; arasïnda means “between”), the Chuvash shïv urla (“across the river”; urla means “across”), and the Hungarian a tábla mellett (“beside the board”; mellett means “beside”). Some postpositions may take a case ending, as can be seen by comparing the Zyrian pu vylyn (“on the tree”; locative case), pu vylyś (“away from the tree”; ablative case), and pu vylǝ (“onto the tree”; aditive case). In some instances, postpositions are also used as substantives and with an independent meaning, as in the Tatar ara (“space,” “interval”) and arasïnda (“between”) and the Udmurt vylyn (“on”) and vyl (“surface”).

References in periodicals archive ?
Korean is an agglutinative language where a (dative) case is assigned by adding the postpositional -cwe morpheme.
When the enclitic is suffixed to the postpositional element at the end of the phrase, as in keziya behwala-mm 'after that', a reading as topic constituent in focus is achieved.
Usage in them is distinctly similar to that of the Orosius, with prepositional betwux the norm but postpositional betwynan after personal pronouns a fairly common variant.
In some dialects, these changes result in a displacement of cases in favour of postpositional constructions, while in others they result in the appearance of new cases through grammaticalization.
Lastly, postpositional use of * en is well known from en-locatives such as * g[g.
He mentions the postpositional origin of both markers, but gives no further comments about their current status.
In contrast to this, modifiers of postpositional adverbs are always left-adjacent to the adverb and cannot precede the noun phrase ([7c]):
Overview of the Ahtna prefix complex 11 10-8 7-6 5 4 Postpositional Adverb and Incorporated Direct Qualifier phrase Quantification Subject, Object/Outer Object, Subject Thematic 3 2 1 0 -1 to -4 Aspect Inner Classifier Verb Suffixes Subject (Voice) stem Table 3.
A large number of the cases of directional adverbs assigned by Francia to adverbial or postpositional function in sections 3.
The materials in the current experiment manipulate the number of dependents of an upcoming verb, by manipulating (1) the presence/absence of a locative postpositional phrase modifier of the verb and (2) the presence/absence of a dative argument of the verb.
However, a study of actual usage confirms what native speaker intuition suggests, namely that the quasi-adpositional construction correlates with a strong force-dynamic meaning, followed by the postpositional construction, whereas the weakest force-dynamic meaning associates with the prepositional construction.
The locational adjuncts in the BLC may be case-marked nominals (as in examples [25], [26], locational adverbs [29], [30] or postpositional phrases [31]).