hyperglycemia (increased blood glucose levels after meal) is one of the earliest detectable abnormalities which signal to DMT2.
High intensity exercise can be of much shorter duration and still elicit beneficial effects on postprandial
blood glucose (Adams, 2013; Gillen et al., 2012), however this is mostly unsuitable to conditions outside of controlled laboratory environments.
The ingestion of 20g of protein increases muscle protein synthesis rates by ~75% in young individuals, whereas ~40g protein seems to be required to allow a similar postprandial
rise in muscle protein synthesis rates in the older population." Before continuing, please note again from the above quote that, to gain similar gains in muscle mass, older individuals need to ingest twice as much protein compared to younger individuals.
This study also evaluated the fasting and postprandial
blood glucose levels.
The differences on mean preprandial blood glucose levels, postprandial
blood glucose levels and preprandial to postprandial
glucose excursions at all meals were also not statistically significant (tablel).
Oral glucose tolerance test was performed and the function of islet function, HbA1c, fructosamine, fasting plasma glucose, 2 h postprandial
glucose, fasting plasma C-peptide, 2 h postprandial
C-peptide, fasting plasma insulin, and 2 h postprandial
insulin were measured before and after intensive treatment with insulin pump combined with metformin.
This relationship is bidirectional; on the one hand, gastric emptying is influenced by glycemic control (as hyperglycemic values slow it down and hypoglycemia accelerates it), while on the other hand, gastric emptying may influence glycemic values, particularly postprandial
A key difference is that the short-acting GLP-1RAs slow gastric emptying, resulting in a pronounced effect on the postprandial
glucose (PPG) level, particularly related to the meal following dosing.
Conflicting findings in the literature and lack of long-term definitive outcome studies have led to difficulty in drawing conclusions about the role of postprandial
hyperglycemia in diabetes and its complications.
hyperglycemia; Glucose-binding potential; Glycemic reduction; Nypa fruticans mesocarp
The current study aimed to investigate the effect of the OSTS of glucose intake on gastrointestinal blood flow, gastric emptying, blood-glucose, and plasma-insulin responses during the postprandial
phase using gymnema to suppress the sweet taste sensation.