marigold

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marigold,

any plant of the genus Tagetes of the family Asteraceae (asteraster
[Gr.,=star], common name for the Asteraceae (Compositae), the aster family, in North America, name for plants of the genus Aster, sometimes called wild asters, and for a related plant more correctly called China aster (Callistephus chinensis
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 family), mostly Central and South American herbs cultivated elsewhere as garden flowers. The two common species of marigold, both annuals, are distinguished as African, or Aztec (T. erecta), and French (T. patula) although both are native to Mexico and Guatemala. The African commonly has large yellow or orange flower heads and the strong-scented foliage typical of the genus, but an odorless kind has been developed; the French has smaller flower heads, single or double, usually two tones of yellow or orange and red. Other plants sharing the name marigold include marsh marigoldmarsh marigold,
perennial spring-blooming Old World and North American plant (Caltha palustris) of the family Ranunculaceae (buttercup family), found in wet places. It has rounded glossy leaves and large buttercuplike flowers of bright and shining yellow.
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 (in the buttercupbuttercup
or crowfoot,
common name for the Ranunculaceae, a family of chiefly annual or perennial herbs of cool regions of the Northern Hemisphere. Thought to be one of the most primitive families of dicotyledenous plants, the Ranunculaceae typically have a simple
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 family), bur marigoldbur marigold
or sticktight,
common name for any species of Bidens, a genus of chiefly weedy North American plants of the family Asteraceae (aster family) with two-pronged burlike fruits (achenes) that have gained various species such additional names as
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, and pot marigold (see calendulacalendula
, any species of the genus Calendula, Old World plants of the family Asteraceae (aster family). The common calendula (C. officinalis), an annual with yellow to deep orange flower heads produced through a long blooming season, was a popular garden flower
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). Marigolds are classified in the division MagnoliophytaMagnoliophyta
, division of the plant kingdom consisting of those organisms commonly called the flowering plants, or angiosperms. The angiosperms have leaves, stems, and roots, and vascular, or conducting, tissue (xylem and phloem).
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, class Magnoliopsida, order Asterales, family Asteraceae.
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marigold

marigold

All Marigolds are edible, but only some taste good. The three best are Tagetes lucida, Tagetes patula, and Tagetes tenuifolia. Marigold can be used as a substitute for saffron. The citrus flavor makes it great in salads. Usually only the petals are eaten, no green parts. Used for heart, circulation, headaches, earaches, fevers, hair rinse for shiny hair. Plant beside other garden plants to keep pests away.

Marigold

 

(Tagetes), a genus of annual or perennial grasses of the Compositae family. The height of the plant is 70–80 cm, the leaves are pinnate; the flowers are yellow, orange, and dark brown. There are more than 35 species in South and North America (from Argentina to Arizona). In the USSR there is one imported species (in western Transcaucasia). Most widely distributed are the French marigold (T. patula), a low plant with a distinctive smell and yellow or reddish yellow flowers, cultivated as a decorative annual, and the dwarf marigold (T. signata), which has fernlike finely cleft verdure and is used in floriculture for low borders, as is T. erecta, a tall plant with few branches.

REFERENCE

Kiselev, G. E. Tsvetovodstvo, 3rd ed. Moscow, 1964.

marigold

symbol of grief. [Flower Symbolism: Flora Symbolica, 175]
See: Grief

marigold

1. any of various tropical American plants of the genus Tagetes, esp T. erecta (African marigold) and T. patula (French marigold), cultivated for their yellow or orange flower heads and strongly scented foliage: family Asteraceae (composites)
2. any of various similar or related plants, such as the marsh marigold, pot marigold, bur marigold, and fig marigold
References in periodicals archive ?
Pot marigolds - these beautiful bright orange flowers have been used for centuries to colour soups and broths.
From far left: Evening primrose, daisy and coneflowers feature in the parkland WARM WELCOME Final touches to the displays of red hot pokers CHAMPION WALK Take a three-mile stroll through the parkland AQUATICS CENTRE The approach to the venue, with its wave-like roof, has been lined with colour - a top priority for designers GOLDEN MEADOW Pot marigolds, tickseed and corn marigolds create a ribbon of gold around the Olympic Stadium OLYMPIC GLORY Densely planted wild flowers create a stunning tapestry
AN essential plant for any cottage garden, the pot marigold or calendula will brighten borders with blooms in gold and orange and all shades in between.
POT MARIGOLDS AN essential plant for any cottage garden, the pot marigold or calendula will brighten borders with blooms in gold and orange and all shades in between.
Expert tip: Pot marigolds or calendulas, which come in shades of apricot, orange and yellow, are the quickest flower from seed to bloom.
Pot marigolds have large, double daisy flowers in all shades of yellow, orange and rust on robust, bushy plants.
Collect seed heads from hardy annuals such as pot marigolds and allow them to dry before removing the seed and storing in airtight, labelled containers.
Plant pot marigolds nearby to encourage pest-eating ladybirds, too.
Encourage the insects that feed on them, such as ladybirds, hoverflies and lacewings by growing their favourite flowers - poached-egg plants and pot marigolds.
Easy annuals like pot marigolds, Calendulas, Lavatera Silver Cup, Chrysanthemum Tricolor Mixed, Love-in-themist, Nigella and Larkspur are also great choices.