Solanaceae

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Solanaceae

[‚sō·lə′nās·ē‚ē]
(botany)
A family of dicotyledonous plants in the order Polemoniales having internal phloem, mostly numerous ovules and seeds on axile placentae, and mostly cellular endosperm.

Solanaceae

 

a family of dicotyledonous plants, including herbs and a few shrubs, lianas, and small trees (in the tropics). The leaves are alternate and exstipulate, and the bisexual flowers are solitary or in cymose inflorescences. The calyx generally is five-lobed or five-parted, and the corolla has five lobes. There usually are five stamens. The fruit is a berry or capsule; less commonly, it is drupaceous.

There are between 80 and 90 genera, with about 2,500 species, distributed in tropical, subtropical, and temperate regions. Most are encountered mainly in Central and South America. The USSR has ten wild genera, embracing approximately 45 species. The most important genera are Solarium, Lycopersicum, Nicotiana, Mandragora, and Lycium. The family Solanaceae includes such important cultivated plants as potatoes, tomatoes, peppers, tobacco, and wild tobacco. (All these plants are native to the Americas.) Many species, including belladonna, Scopelia, henbane, and jimsonweed, yield alkaloids and other substances that are widely used in medicine. Ornamentals include petunia, tobacco, salpiglossis, certain nightshades, and physalis.

REFERENCE

Flora SSSR, vol. 22. Moscow-Leningrad, 1955.
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Jerusalem Artichokes These small, brown vegetables come from the potato family.
British, a new member of the Charlotte potato family which has a moist, delicate flavour.
Like all members of the potato family, except tomatoes, the fruit will cause an upset stomach while the leaves may bring about minor irritation.
Tomatoes are members of the potato family (both in the nightshade family), and are therefore naturally compatible and content to be grafted onto potato roots.