Potentilla

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cinquefoil

cinquefoil

Sharply toothed leaves, flowers have 5 yellow petals. (sometimes white, pink or red) Young shoots and leaves good in salads. Very astringent (constricts, shrinks membranes)- used in many anti-wrinkle skin products. Antiseptic, used for gum disease, dysentery, diarrhea, mouthwash. Good for skin. Leaves used to make lotion (or just rub strong tea on rashes etc) Powdered root stops bleeding. Has fruit that looks like strawberry but is dry and tasteless.

Potentilla

 

(cinquefoil), a genus of plants of the family Rosaceae. They are perennial (rarely biennial or annual) herbs, subshrubs, and dwarf subshrubs. The leaves are digitate, pinnate, or ternate. The flowers are solitary or in inflorescences and generally yellow. The perianth is usually four- or five-parted, and the fruit is a multiple nut. There are more than 300 species (according to other data, 500), distributed throughout the world but found primarily in North America. More than 170 species grow in the USSR. Silverweed (Potentilla anserina) is a medicinal plant; it is also valuable for its nectar and as feed for domestic fowl. Common tormentil (P. erecta) is found in the European USSR, the Caucasus, and Western Siberia. Cinquefoil rhizomes contain tannins, resin, gum, and pigment. A decoction from these plants is used internally for diarrhea and as a gargle for stomatitis, gingivitis, and tonsilitis (primarily in folk medicine). P. atrosanguinea, golden cinquefoil (P. aurea), white cinquefoil (P. alba), and many other species of Potentilla are cultivated as ornamentals. The genus Dasiphora is often included in this genus.

REFERENCES

Iuzepchuk, S. V. “Rod Lapchatka—Potentilla L.” In Flora SSSR, vol. 10. Moscow-Leningrad, 1941.
Wolf, T. Monographia der Gattung Potentilla. Stuttgart, 1908.
T. V. EGOROVA
References in periodicals archive ?
Q I HAVE some shrubby potentillas, but they are very woody.
A POTENTILLAS should always be pruned in spring before growth starts.
To keep Potentillas in good condition, trim them back every March.
Potentillas are a great alternative to summer bedding as they'll put up with warm or wet weather and pack a punch on the dullest day - so give them a try.
Now, I have to confess to an unreasonable prejudice against those shrubby potentillas which figure so prominently in garden centres at this time of year.
The potentillas I'm talking about are the border ones, with their strawberry leaves and neat little rosette flowers.
The National Collection of herbaceous potentillas, 72 species and 53 varieties, is held by Mr and Mrs D.
THERE are some 500 species of potentilla, including herbaceous perennials, annuals and biennials, but one is more widely grown in gardens than all the others put together.
It is a shrub, Potentilla fruticosa with saucer-shaped flowers produced from spring to autumn and often with silvery leaves.
To add to the plant's merit, Potentilla fruticosa and its varieties need virtually no maintenance.
One of the herbaceous perennials, Potentilla erecta - oddly named because it sprawls across the ground - is valued in herbal medicine for its high tannin content.