prairies


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Related to prairies: Canadian Prairies

prairies,

generally level, originally grass-covered and treeless plains of North America, stretching from W Ohio through Indiana, Illinois, and Iowa to the Great Plains region. The prairie belt also extends into N Missouri, S Michigan, Wisconsin, Minnesota, E North and South Dakota, and S Canada. Many of the prairies of the world were formerly used for grazing purposes, but more and more are now coming under cultivation; hence they are often referred to today as the "vanishing grasslands." The soil of the prairies is basically a black chernozemchernozem
or black earth,
variety of soil rich in organic matter in the form of humus. It is generally a modified type of loess. True chernozem is black in color, but there are various grades, shading off into gray and chestnut-brown soils.
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, which is extremely fertile. The prairies correspond to the PampaPampa
, city (1990 pop. 19,959), seat of Gray co., extreme N Tex. This cow town on the Panhandle plains still ships cattle and wheat and packs meat, but the discovery of oil and gas has made it an industrial center with refineries and other oil-based industries.
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 of Argentina, the llanosllanos
, Spanish-American term for prairies, specifically those of the Orinoco River basin of N South America, in Venezuela and E Colombia. The llanos of the Orinoco are a vast, hot region of rolling savanna broken by low-lying mesas, scrub forest, and scattered palms.
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 in northern South America, the steppesteppe
, temperate grassland of Eurasia, consisting of level, generally treeless plains. It extends over the lower regions of the Danube and in a broad belt over S and SE European and Central Asian Russia, stretching E to the Altai and S to the Transbaykal and Manchurian plains.
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 of Eurasia, and the highveld (see veldveld
or veldt
[Du.,=field], term applied to the grassy undulating plateaus of the Republic of South Africa and of Zimbabwe. The veld comprises territory of varying elevation—the highveld (4,000–6,000 ft/1,220–1,830 m), the middleveld
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) of South Africa. Because they have the favorable climate and soil fertility characteristic of prairies, the wheat belts in the United States, Ukraine, and the Pampa of Argentina are among the world's most productive agricultural regions.

Bibliography

See R. Manning, Grassland (1995); S. R. Jones and R. C. Cushman, The North American Prairie (2004).

References in periodicals archive ?
These Eastern Church Ukrainians did not trust the French Catholic clergy on the Prairies, since they had un favourable experiences with the Polish Roman rite Catholic clergy in Europe who were constantly trying to convert them to Latin-rite Catholicism.
The four-square-mile area contains undisturbed forest, oak/prairie savannah, and prairie glades--plus trees that predate the pilgrims.
Some people say prairie dogs are great creatures to have around.
The stated intent of the book is to "increase awareness, information, and understanding of prairie .
Tallgrass prairie is the only major ecosystem not adequately represented in the National Park System.
A few prairies that are easy to access and are particularly stunning at this time of year include Anderson Farm County Park (Union Rd entrance), Ice Age Trail Junction Area (McKee Rd.
grazing by prairie dogs and bison, wallowing by bison, and fire) are natural components of the prairie ecosystem that affect its species composition.
Anyone interested in the natural history of prairies and restoration efforts will equally enjoy this book.
Back when Asia was connected to North America via a land bridge, Siberian ferrets crossed into North America and made their way onto the prairies where they discovered they could feast on prairie dog colonies, which ranged from southern Canada to northern Mexico and from Utah to eastern Kansas.
Prairie dogs, (http://animals.nationalgeographic.com/animals/mammals/prairie-dog/) rabbit-sized rodents that live in North America's prairies, live in underground burrows.
Gonzalez's mission, along with a group of other conservators, is to transplant these seeds to the heart of Houston, into what he calls "pocket prairies," or gardens of native foliage.
Fire suppression was practiced at Pere Marquette State Park and none of the hill prairies are known to have burned during the forty year period from 1932 until 1972.