preceding

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preceding

1. Denoting the leading edge of a planet, etc., or the leading member of a pair of stars, as the Earth's rotation causes objects to drift across the sky from east to west.
2. Denoting the leading edge of a surface feature on a planet, satellite, star, etc., or the leading member of a pair of features, the feature(s) moving as the body rotates.

In each case, the other edge or member is described as following or trailing.

References in classic literature ?
He took the key, opened the vault, and again courteously motioned me to precede.
Sir," said De Guiche to his tutor, "we will precede you, and you can rejoin us on the road to Cambrin.
Might it not be that beneath these fair appearances the islanders covered some perfidious design, and that their friendly reception of us might only precede some horrible catastrophe?
The young man sprang forward, and, throwing open a door, barely permitted the Judge to precede him, when he was in the presence of Elizabeth in a moment.
The principals being all agreed in this respect, it soon appeared that a very few weeks would be sufficient for such arrangements as must precede the wedding.
And here we cannot but pause, to notice the admirable arrangement of nature, by which the annual swellings of the various great rivers which empty themselves into the Mississippi, have been made to precede each other at considerable intervals.
I am thankful that my last letter will precede this by so little, as every moment that you can be saved from feeling a joy which leads only to disappointment is of consequence.
Finally, she sped along as far as the last undulations of the country which precede Rubeho.
In the Gondelaurier house it was one of those gala days which precede a wedding.
Baisemeaux made a sign to the jailer to precede them.