Red Coral

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Red Coral

 

(Corallium rubrum, C. nobile), a coelenterate of the order Gorgonaria, class Anthozoa.

Red coral lives in the Mediterranean and the Atlantic (in the Canary Islands region) at depths of 10–200 m. It forms branched colonies that attach themselves firmly to the rocky bottom. The polyps are white, with a corolla of eight feathery antennae. There is an internal skeleton of red spicules, or calcareous corpuscles, which, by merging, form the compact axial skeleton of the colony. Ornaments such as beads, bracelets, and the like are made from this skeleton. Commerce in red coral began in early antiquity. Closely related species are found off the coasts of Japan and Indonesia.

References in periodicals archive ?
Although the quantity of precious coral harvested in the Makapuu Bed was not great, it was sufficient to stimulate a long-term Sea Grant research program at the University of Hawaii.
Briefly, all species of precious coral in the Western Pacific belong to one of three Orders within the Class Anthozoa, Phylum Coelenterata.
Because of this, no official Government records have been kept on the total amount of precious coral harvested in Japan.
Goldberg said on Thursday that people "responsible" for the USS Guardian "received punishment" for the accident that led to the destruction of precious coral reefs in the area.
Today's bets Melundy 2.10 Redcar 1pt win Precious Coral 3.00 Leicester 2pts win White Dart 4.30 Leicester 3pts win LAST Wednesday the sun was shining, so it was off to Uttoxeter for my first taste of jumps action for many moons.
Serchuk; hydraulic dredging of clam resources in the Adriatic Sea; Mutsu Bay scallop culture, stock enhancement, and resource management; giant clam fisheries and stock enhancement; management of the Saharan trawl fishery for cephalopods; population assessment, management, and fishery forecasting for Todarodes pacificus; Pacific and Mediterranean precious coral fisheries, and world echinoderm fisheries.
Others to follow Kempton 2.10 Precious Coral, 2.40 Barlaman, 3.40 Acclaimed, 4.40 Bawadi.
The bare form of that Yarmouth race is hardly earth-shattering, and in Ramamara (my idea of the winner) and Precious Coral, she's facing a couple of rivals dropping significantly in class.
Other marine species addressed by the conference included eels, teat fish (sea cucumber), queen conch, marine turtles, precious corals, sturgeons and seahorses.
In May this year, the Asia Maritime Transparency Initiative reported that a large number of Chinese clam boats had returned to Scarborough Shoal, once again to strip reefs of precious corals and giant clams that nurture marine life in the area.
Roughly 90% of all precious corals fished by Italy and China are exported to the U.S.
The book consists of five detailed chapters on ecosystem-based management of marine microalgae and the bull kelp Nereocystis leutkeana, the ecology and management of temperate mangroves, the exploitation and conservation of precious corals, the biology of vestimentiferan tubeworms, and historical reconstruction of human-induced changes in US estuaries.