Premature Birth

(redirected from preemie)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Medical, Acronyms, Idioms, Wikipedia.

Premature Birth


the premature ending of pregnancy, the birth of a premature infant. According to various statistics, 2.5 to 5–6 percent of all births are premature. There are various causes of premature birth. Some are associated with the fetus, and others with the mother. The causes include congenital defects in the development of the ovum, hydramnios, anomalies of placental attachment, improper fetal position, gestoses, previous abortions, multiple pregnancy, chronic and acute infections (brucellosis, toxoplasmosis, listeriosis, influenza, tonsillitis, viral hepatitis), inflammatory processes of the sexual organs, neoplasms, infantilism, and muscular insufficiency of the upper uterine cervix. Neuroendocrine disorders (ovarian and thyroid functional disturbances, diabetes) can also cause premature birth. Women with diseases of the kidneys, liver, and cardiovascular and nervous systems often give birth prematurely.

Conservative treatment is directed toward removing the basic causes of the premature birth. Surgery is required when there is muscular insufficiency of the upper uterine cervix. Treatment is administered before and during pregnancy. Preventive and therapeutic measures are directed toward detecting and removing the basic causes of premature birth. Such measures consist primarily of prenatal care of both the mother and fetus.


Persianinov, L. S. “Profilaktika i lechenie pri nedonashivanii beremennosti.” In Zhenskaia konsul’tatsiia, 2nd ed. Minsk, 1962.
Konstantinov, V. I. “Nedonashivanie i perenashivanie beremennosti.” In Mnogotomnoe rukovodstvo po akusherstvu i ginekologii, vol. 3, book 1. Moscow, 1964.
Bodiazhina, V. I., A. I. Liubimova, and I. S. Rozovskii. Privychnyi vykidysh. Moscow, 1973.


References in periodicals archive ?
Thus it is crucial that the amount of oxygen preemies are given is monitored at all time," says Dr Kent.
The 15 year-old product is designed for preemies weighing in the three and-a-half to five pounds range and is indicated size wise with a "P" on the package.
Good for her, she is a great champion for preemies.
Preemies, categorized as being born before 37 weeks, can only wear a diaper and hat while they reside in a hospital's intensive care unit.
Founder of Pebbles of Hope, Cheryl Chotrani says, "By using innovations in media, technology and communications to empower parents of preemies in underserved areas, we will work to end preventable deaths and disabilities of premature babies around the world.
Some preemies require special care and spend weeks or months hospitalized in a NICU before they are able to go home to their families.
The Charity Night knitters and crocheters - they are looking for sewers, too - make chemo caps for oncology patients at Burbank Hospital and preemie caps for the neonatal department at Children's Hospital.
org), the premier global organization for parents going through the journey of prematurity, is launching a hashtag campaign to give parents of preemies an opportunity to say thank you to this year's Hope, Resilience & Miracles Awards honorees.
For parents already dealing with the emotional stress associated with having a preemie and then carrying the added burden of leaving their child behind, miles away and for days if not weeks at a time, Angel Eye can help them cope.
Currently, the daily cost of keeping a preemie in a government hospital Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU) can be anywhere between Dh2,000-Dh5,000, with private hospitals costing even more.
We have no choice but to remove the dead parts of the intestine, but despite surgery, half of these preemie babies still die from the condition," he said.
Also, the size and body composition, that is, the amount of fat and amount of lean tissue, of an infant piglet "are typically comparable to those of a human preemie," says Burrin.