prefabrication


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prefabrication,

in architectural construction, a technique whereby large units of a building are produced in factories to be assembled, ready-made, on the building site. The technique permits the speedy erection of very large structures. It has been applied to urban housing for more than a century. Major architects, including Walter GropiusGropius, Walter
, 1883–1969, German-American architect, one of the leaders of modern functional architecture. In Germany his Fagus factory buildings (1910–11) at Alfeld, with their glass curtain walls, metal spandrels, and discerning use of purely industrial
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, Konrad Wachsmann, and Buckminster FullerFuller, R. Buckminster
(Richard Buckminster Fuller), 1895–1983, American architect and engineer, b. Milton, Mass. Fuller devoted his life to the invention of revolutionary technological designs aimed at solving problems of modern living.
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, have been involved significantly in the development of prefabrication. See also modulemodule.
1 Term derived from the Latin modulus, a unit of measure in classical architecture equal to half the diameter of a column at its base. This unit was used in proportioning the classical orders of architecture.
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.
The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved. www.cc.columbia.edu/cu/cup/

Prefabrication

The manufacture of standardized units or components, usually at a mill or plant away from the site, for quick assembly and erection on the job site.
Illustrated Dictionary of Architecture Copyright © 2012, 2002, 1998 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved
References in periodicals archive ?
Prefabrication, according to Taher, can address many of the problems and issues typically encountered by MEP companies during on-site and traditional installations, including cost overruns.
A good indication that prefabrication is proving to be beneficial is that contractors, clients, and consultants that have used prefabrication in previous projects are keen to use the method again in their subsequent projects, and to expand the scope that it covers.
He added: "The concept of prefabrication is not necessarily new in the Middle East.
The use of BIM software technology has facilitated the prefabrication coordination process and has increased the potential for prefabrication on multiple levels.
Such advantages of prefabrication may influence decisions for affordable housing projects.
"They also used FARO workflows for surveying machine rooms, for planning and installation of equipment such as energy and water supply lines, air conditioning, etc," Braunes continued, "Hutchinson estimated that they had saved four months of construction time and a seven-figure sum by using FARO workflows and consistent prefabrication."
While owners and design teams are aware of its benefits, he adds, many design-build teams are not familiar with designing for prefabrication. By standardizing on the structural and integrated facade components and simplifying the approach to prefabricated student housing, CP Campus Housing accelerates the learning curve for designers who are unfamiliar with prefabrication and gives owners the advantage of a prefabricated structural design early in the project.
Prefabrication has been widely used and considered as a potential approach for performance improvements in the housing industry [1, 2].
The advantage of this system is the prefabrication of the woven fiber blank and the almost contactless processing of the woven fiber blank.
Dubai, United Arab Emirates, March 04, 2016 --(PR.com)-- The Middle East Prefabrication and Modular Construction Summit 2016 which was held on the 16 & 17 of February 2016 witnessed high profile stakeholders, architects, market leaders and industry experts from construction, property development, mining, power & energy and oil & gas sectors from across the GCC region.
The machine is portable and can be positioned on any flat surface for precise prefabrication on large assemblies.
This is because prefabrication enables faster completion of projects and thereby lowers overall costs.