care

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CARE

(Cooperative for Assistance and Relief Everywhere), nonprofit, nonsectarian federation of agencies devoted to channeling relief and self-help materials to needy people in foreign countries. Organized in the United States (1945) to help war-ravaged Europe, CARE soon expanded its program to include developing nations in Asia, Africa, and Latin America. Famous for its "CARE packages" of food and other necessities, CARE in now also involved in population, health care, land management, and small economic activity. It is now an international organization with 10 member countries and headquarters in Brussels.

care

  1. the work involved in supporting people who, because of physical frailty chronic illness or other forms of incapacity and disability, are incapable of leading an autonomous existence.
  2. other kinds of carework, e.g. in child-rearing (see CHILD CARE) and DOMESTIC LABOUR. This should be distinguished from care in sense 1.
Care in sense 1 operates over a wide range of social relations. A clear dividing line can be drawn between formal and informal care (see Abrams, 1978) as it exists in contemporary industrial societies. Formal care refers to services provided by agents of organization (statutory, voluntary and/or private) to people within clearly defined categories of need. Informal care is personally directed towards certain people who have a social relationship with their carer - usually a family member, and most often a spouse (Parker, 1993), or female relative.

Feminist sociologists (see also FEMINISM) have had a major impact on the understanding of care and caring relationships. They have argued that caring is ‘a gendered concept’ and that women constitute the majority of carers both informally, in the private sphere, and as low-paid care workers (‘care assistants’) in the formal sector (Finch and Groves, 1982; Ungerson, 1987; Lewis and Meredith, 1988). Studies of caring have examined the complex reasons why women care and the particular problems and difficulties they face. Social policies involving decarceration and COMMUNITY CARE, the decline of neighbour-hood and COMMUNITY associated with increasing SOCIAL (and geographical) MOBILITY, have placed an increasing burden on individual women carers. There is some evidence that women are reluctant to enter caring relationships with female relatives but lack viable alternatives (Cotterill, 1994). Recent research using data from the 1980 British General Household Survey has also pointed to the significant contribution made by male carers, particularly men who care for their wives (Arber and Gilbert, 1989).

care, custody, and control

Describes a standard exclusion in liability insurance policies. Under this exclusion, the liability insurance does not apply to damage to property in the care or custody of the insured, or to damage to property over which the insured is for any purpose exercising physical control.

CARE

agency devoted to channeling relief to needy people abroad. [Am. Hist.: NCE, 456]

care

in (or into) care Social welfare made the legal responsibility of a local authority by order of a court
References in periodicals archive ?
Training in EMS develops specialists who use a systems approach to improve prehospital care. While it would be difficult to place EMS-trained emergency physicians in every operational role, the EMS and military unique skills for providers operating in Role I should be defined and appropriately trained.
This population of patients is precisely where skills and training need to be focused, they are the patients most likely to require and benefit from aggressive advanced prehospital care. Reviewing these cases made it clear that there were many cases in which the current flight medic training program falls short.
Prehospital care in the military system is divided into ATLS facility care and surgical facility care.
This text explains the prehospital care of acutely injured or ill patients in the athletic training setting.
Dr Guillame Lanier from HMC discussed the challenges and benefits of 3D printing in prehospital care and how HMC is introducing this technology, especially in the ambulance department, to be effective and practical for the benefit of patients.
According to previous research conducted by Mazen al-Sayed, the director of emergency medical services and prehospital care at the American University of Beirut Medical Center, only 5 percent of patients suffering from cardiac arrest outside of the hospital's care survive.
Integrating prehospital care and critical services like trauma, cardiology and neurology magnify it.
Efficacious prehospital care is crucial to the health system, as it reduces the risk of death of patients and possible complications at the very beginning of the care delivery chain before admission to hospital (3).
Urban-rural differences in prehospital care of major trauma.
[6] Prehospital care is currently delivered by both public and private sector providers.
EMT Prehospital Care. Burlington, MA: Jones & Bartlett Publishers; 2011.
Outcome of traumatic brain injuries in 1,508 patients: impact of prehospital care. J Neurotrauma 2002; 19: 855-68.