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Related to preignition: Spark knock
Ignition of the charge in the cylinder of an internal combustion engine before ignition by the spark.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
The ignition of the fuel-air charge prior to the spark plug firing. Preignition caused by some other ignition source such as an overheated spark plug tip, carbon deposits in the combustion chamber, and, rarely, a burned exhaust valve. All act as a glow plug to ignite the charge. Preignition occurs during the compression stroke, and the engine continues to fire with the ignition system switched off, although probably not all its cylinders. There is no explosion as in a detonation and the rise of temperature and pressure is much greater, probably resulting in catastrophic consequences. Preignition is often experienced when attempting to start a hot engine or during an attempt to shut down a hot engine, and it usually results in a backfire through the intake manifold.
An Illustrated Dictionary of Aviation Copyright © 2005 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved