Premature Birth

(redirected from premature labour)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Medical, Wikipedia.

Premature Birth

 

the premature ending of pregnancy, the birth of a premature infant. According to various statistics, 2.5 to 5–6 percent of all births are premature. There are various causes of premature birth. Some are associated with the fetus, and others with the mother. The causes include congenital defects in the development of the ovum, hydramnios, anomalies of placental attachment, improper fetal position, gestoses, previous abortions, multiple pregnancy, chronic and acute infections (brucellosis, toxoplasmosis, listeriosis, influenza, tonsillitis, viral hepatitis), inflammatory processes of the sexual organs, neoplasms, infantilism, and muscular insufficiency of the upper uterine cervix. Neuroendocrine disorders (ovarian and thyroid functional disturbances, diabetes) can also cause premature birth. Women with diseases of the kidneys, liver, and cardiovascular and nervous systems often give birth prematurely.

Conservative treatment is directed toward removing the basic causes of the premature birth. Surgery is required when there is muscular insufficiency of the upper uterine cervix. Treatment is administered before and during pregnancy. Preventive and therapeutic measures are directed toward detecting and removing the basic causes of premature birth. Such measures consist primarily of prenatal care of both the mother and fetus.

REFERENCES

Persianinov, L. S. “Profilaktika i lechenie pri nedonashivanii beremennosti.” In Zhenskaia konsul’tatsiia, 2nd ed. Minsk, 1962.
Konstantinov, V. I. “Nedonashivanie i perenashivanie beremennosti.” In Mnogotomnoe rukovodstvo po akusherstvu i ginekologii, vol. 3, book 1. Moscow, 1964.
Bodiazhina, V. I., A. I. Liubimova, and I. S. Rozovskii. Privychnyi vykidysh. Moscow, 1973.

O. K. NIKONCHIK

References in periodicals archive ?
In addition, steroid injections for mothers entering premature labour, which trigger a fetus's lungs to mature rapidly, cost about $1 and can be given at a rural clinic.
A variety of drugs are already used to reduce the incidence of premature labour, but few are effective and some have serious side effects.
The Medical Research Council (MRC) report found the risk was not greater where mothers had gone into premature labour and their waters had broken.
uk NEW mum Tammy Walker faced the daunting prospect of a 140-mile helicopter mercy dash from Teesside to Dundee when she went into premature labour with her twin sons.
Coronation Street ITV Kirsty may be a nightmare, but Tina really should know better than to attack her enemy in the Rovers where everybody can witness her behaviour - especially when Kirsty goes into premature labour.
Among the research the charity is funding are a number of projects in Newcastle, including an investigation into brain cancer in young children and looking into premature labour.
They tell reporter VICKY FARNCOMBE why they are arranging a ball to help others who have suffered the heartache of stillborns, premature labour and miscarriages.
The risks of sex during this time include premature labour, pelvic inflammatory disease, hemorrhage in placenta previa (when the placenta covers part of the cervix) and blood clots.
A heavily pregnant Honey Mitchell (EmmaBarton) stumbled on the scene and was knocked to the ground during a fight, sending her into premature labour.
A BABY died after its mother deliberately brought on premature labour by taking drugs she had bought from China.
It means that pounds 1 of the pounds 6 price tag will go to Piggy Bank Kids, a charity funding research into pregnancy problems including premature labour, blindness in newborn babies and brain damage in premature births.
It happened on April 24 after Mr Boag's partner Julia Paul, aged 30, went into premature labour and had to be taken to Leicester Royal Infirmary, 130 miles away.