Premature Birth

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Premature Birth


the premature ending of pregnancy, the birth of a premature infant. According to various statistics, 2.5 to 5–6 percent of all births are premature. There are various causes of premature birth. Some are associated with the fetus, and others with the mother. The causes include congenital defects in the development of the ovum, hydramnios, anomalies of placental attachment, improper fetal position, gestoses, previous abortions, multiple pregnancy, chronic and acute infections (brucellosis, toxoplasmosis, listeriosis, influenza, tonsillitis, viral hepatitis), inflammatory processes of the sexual organs, neoplasms, infantilism, and muscular insufficiency of the upper uterine cervix. Neuroendocrine disorders (ovarian and thyroid functional disturbances, diabetes) can also cause premature birth. Women with diseases of the kidneys, liver, and cardiovascular and nervous systems often give birth prematurely.

Conservative treatment is directed toward removing the basic causes of the premature birth. Surgery is required when there is muscular insufficiency of the upper uterine cervix. Treatment is administered before and during pregnancy. Preventive and therapeutic measures are directed toward detecting and removing the basic causes of premature birth. Such measures consist primarily of prenatal care of both the mother and fetus.


Persianinov, L. S. “Profilaktika i lechenie pri nedonashivanii beremennosti.” In Zhenskaia konsul’tatsiia, 2nd ed. Minsk, 1962.
Konstantinov, V. I. “Nedonashivanie i perenashivanie beremennosti.” In Mnogotomnoe rukovodstvo po akusherstvu i ginekologii, vol. 3, book 1. Moscow, 1964.
Bodiazhina, V. I., A. I. Liubimova, and I. S. Rozovskii. Privychnyi vykidysh. Moscow, 1973.


References in periodicals archive ?
The discovery that Trichostatin A can inhibit contractions, presumably due to its effect on PKA, means that this drug could potentially be used to prevent premature labour.
The new study followed up the Oracle trial completed seven years ago to see how children developed if their mothers had been given antibiotics during premature labour.
But over the next four years, their hopes would be shattered as the two nurses, formerly from Solihull, experienced stillborns, premature labour and late miscarriages.
Miss Tang, 19, was around 26 weeks pregnant and told hospital staff that she had taken Chinese herbal remedies and two types of drug, with the intention of terminating her pregnancy by inducing premature labour.
It happened on April 24 after Mr Boag's partner Julia Paul, aged 30, went into premature labour and had to be taken to Leicester Royal Infirmary, 130 miles away.
THE fiance of Welsh winger Ryan Giggs was in hospital over the weekend after going into premature labour.
Well, as her waters broke and she went into premature labour Unfortunately, as a desperately worried David rushes to the hospital with Priya's brother Jai, it's obvious that all is still not well.
It recognises work carried out in understanding pain and discomfort in babies, a community intervention to support parents with premature babies, jaundice measurements and premature labour in at-risk mothers.
Washington, Nov 16 (ANI): Researchers at UT Southwestern Medical Center have discovered in a preclinical study that tiny molecules called microRNAs act together with hormones to control the onset of labour, raising the prospect that RNA-based drugs might be able to prevent premature labour.
The former Hear'Say singer, who returned to the soap opera just weeks after losing her son Archie, said: "What was interesting was how everyone I spoke to said they didn't know why they'd gone into premature labour, why they had their babies prematurely.
A TEAM of experts from Tyneside have carried out experiments on an anti-cancer drug to see if it could also be used to prevent pregnant women from going into premature labour.
Dr May said the study proved moderate exercise did not increase the risk of miscarriage or premature labour.