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Music an unstressed, usually short note introduced before a downbeat and harmonically related to the chord immediately following it
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



in psychology and philosophy, the ability to react to events ahead of time. This concept of “anticipation” is closest to the concept introduced in psychology by the German scientist W. Wundt. Psychologists distinguish two senses in which the term “anticipation” is used: (1) an organism’s expectation of a certain situation, which is manifested in some pose or movement; and (2) manifestation by a human being of the results of his action even before the action is performed (hence the definition of the goal as the anticipated subject).

In philosophy, the concept of anticipation is encountered as far back as the Stoics and Epicureans in reference to prolepsis—the general concept of knowledge before the perception of concrete individual things directly from the Logos. F. Bacon took a firm position against anticipation, proceeding from the principle that nature has to be studied, not anticipated. Kant used the term to mean “a priori knowledge of subjects of perception before the perceptions themselves.”

In logic, anticipation is used to denote temporary acceptance of a proposition which is to be proved subsequently, as if it were already proven.


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.


The occurrence of a phenotype at a younger age or in a more severe form in succeeding generations of a family.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
References in periodicals archive ?
Prepayment water meters require users to pay up front.
By giving up the right to prepay, the borrower would reduce the lender's and investors' prepayment risk and would be rewarded through changes in other loan terms, such as a lower interest rate.
Fratantoni and Schuh (2002) note that the "prepayment risk is generally more important empirically than the default risk in most economic environments, since single-family mortgages have very low credit risk relative to other types of loans." Furthermore, according to Bennet, Peach, and Peristiani (2001), homeowners' propensity to prepay or refinance increased in the 1990s relative to 1980s, due to some structural changes in the mortgage market discussed below.
The average annual cost of energy via a prepayment meter (PPM) is pounds 945 - pounds 86 more than the same amount of energy paid for by monthly direct debit.
In PLR-200602002 (PLR-110328-05), the IRS informed a taxpayer that prepayments of multiple years of tuition for the taxpayer's grandchildren would not be considered a taxable gift.
Ginnie Maes, Fannie Maes, Freddie Macs and other PCs offered by private institutions possess many of the features of REMIC bonds, but without the flexibility to match the maturity to the desired holding period, and without the prepayment protection of the longer-maturity REMIC bonds.
The market value of POs is extremely sensitive to prepayment rates and changes in interest rates.
First, the underpayment penalty g increases the benefits of tax evasion for a taxpayer with high income and a low prepayment because successful tax evasion evades both tax and the interest on the underpayment.
In exchange for a borrower accepting the prepayment penalty, an investor will often accept a lower interest rate on the mortgage.
If we calibrate our prepayment model to the empirical results in Exhibits 1 and 2 we can quantify the effects of recent adverse loan selection on the TBA market.
This model calculates the average present value of a mortgage across a large number of different interest rate paths in which prepayment rates vary systematically depending on differences between the simulated market interest rates and the mortgage coupon rates (McConnell & Muller, 1988).