preposition


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Related to preposition: prepositional phrase

preposition

Prepositions are used to express the relationship of a noun or pronoun (or another grammatical element functioning as a noun) to the rest of the sentence. The noun or pronoun that is connected by the preposition is known as the object of the preposition.
Some common prepositions are in, on, for, to, of, with, and about, though there are many others.
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preposition,

in English, the part of speechpart of speech,
in traditional English grammar, any one of about eight major classes of words, based on the parts of speech of ancient Greek and Latin. The parts of speech are noun, verb, adjective, adverb, interjection, preposition, conjunction, and pronoun.
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 embracing a small number of words used before nouns and pronouns to connect them to the preceding material, e.g., of, in, and about. Prepositions are a class that is typical of the structure of Indo-European languages, but similar classes are found in some other languages.

Preposition

 

a class of syncategorematic words or parts of speech. They are used in many languages, including Indo-European and Semitic, for the expression of various relationships between the dependent and principal members of a word combination. (The dependent member is usually a noun or pronoun.)

The preposition always precedes the dependent member. Functioning only in the role of a syntactic relation marker between the parts of a sentence, prepositions are not themselves members of a sentence. They are classed as primary or derived prepositions.

Primary prepositions are simple in composition and are distinguished by the multiplicity of relations that can be expressed by using them—for example, Russian bez, “without”; nad, “above”; v, “in”; k, “to”; or o, “about.” Derived prepositions are associated in structure and origin with autosemantic words. They may be adverbs (vblizi, “nearby”; navstrechu, “toward”; sboku, “from the side”), denominative prepositions (v oblasti, “in the field of; v tseliakh, “with a view to”), and deverbative prepositions (blagodaria, “(hanks to”; vkliuchaia, “including”).

References in periodicals archive ?
Such a pattern is most visible in the context involving the numeral tweyne/two/too 'two', where Lydgate very systematically uses the preposition atwen, as for example in:
We present some verbatim examples for lexical preposition from the President's speech:
Although both pied-piping and preposition stranding are grammatical in adult English, preposition stranding is more common in naturally occurring speech than pied-piping (McDaniel & McKee, 1996; McDaniel, McKee & Bernstein, 1998).
Furthermore, errors related to the use of articles and prepositions and incorrect verb forms were the most frequent categories across levels.
This is shown in (15) with a verb and in (16) with a preposition.
In order to capture this argument-adjunct, we must apply the rule for assigning mid in Old English, being based on Van Valin and LaPolla's lexical rule for the preposition with in Present-day English (1997: 381): "Given two arguments, x and y, in a logical structure, with x lower than or equal to y on the Actor-Undergoer Hierarchy, and a specific grammatical status (macrorole, head of NP), assign mid to the y argument if it is not selected for that status.
Burn up, turn out, turn on, and a host of other common phrases in which we find a verb plus some sort of word that can be identified as also being on the preposition list, are actually verb + what some linguists term "separable particle" and others as "adverbial.
Several computerized grammar checkers generate preposition counts.
Besides," I said, "I think whether I end a sentence with a preposition should depend on to whom I am talking--I mean, should depend on whom I'm talking to.
have focused on Galen's choice of one Greek preposition over another' (op.
DSWD continues to preposition relief supplies in towns and provinces affected by the typhoon.