preposition


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Related to preposition: prepositional phrase

preposition

Prepositions are used to express the relationship of a noun or pronoun (or another grammatical element functioning as a noun) to the rest of the sentence. The noun or pronoun that is connected by the preposition is known as the object of the preposition.
Some common prepositions are in, on, for, to, of, with, and about, though there are many others.
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preposition,

in English, the part of speechpart of speech,
in traditional English grammar, any one of about eight major classes of words, based on the parts of speech of ancient Greek and Latin. The parts of speech are noun, verb, adjective, adverb, interjection, preposition, conjunction, and pronoun.
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 embracing a small number of words used before nouns and pronouns to connect them to the preceding material, e.g., of, in, and about. Prepositions are a class that is typical of the structure of Indo-European languages, but similar classes are found in some other languages.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Preposition

 

a class of syncategorematic words or parts of speech. They are used in many languages, including Indo-European and Semitic, for the expression of various relationships between the dependent and principal members of a word combination. (The dependent member is usually a noun or pronoun.)

The preposition always precedes the dependent member. Functioning only in the role of a syntactic relation marker between the parts of a sentence, prepositions are not themselves members of a sentence. They are classed as primary or derived prepositions.

Primary prepositions are simple in composition and are distinguished by the multiplicity of relations that can be expressed by using them—for example, Russian bez, “without”; nad, “above”; v, “in”; k, “to”; or o, “about.” Derived prepositions are associated in structure and origin with autosemantic words. They may be adverbs (vblizi, “nearby”; navstrechu, “toward”; sboku, “from the side”), denominative prepositions (v oblasti, “in the field of; v tseliakh, “with a view to”), and deverbative prepositions (blagodaria, “(hanks to”; vkliuchaia, “including”).

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Moreover, I have also found a few instances of the preposition atwix used with the numeral 'two' in the analysed Lydgate's texts, e.g.,
Palm considere que la sequence rue X en fonction de complement de lieu ne comporte ni preposition, ni determinant (4).
We observed that the preposition pairs in our data can be divided according to the primary domain they belong to.
Thus, the preposition with can be said to conflate three different domains: causality (Christianity makes Western civilization thrive), company (Christianity co-exists with other Western cultural elements) and instrumentality (Western civilization makes use of one of its cultural components to reach maximal development).
As an investigation point, English prepositions uttered in President Obama's inaugural speech were selected and categorized in terms of their functions in phrases.
In (13) the pronoun is the object of a verb, and in (14) the object of a preposition:
In Region 6, 1,410 bags of OPV white corn seeds, 533 bags of OPV yellow corn seeds, 1,125 bags of conventional hybrid seeds and 2,769 bags of GMO hybrid corn seeds were prepositioned by the DA for affected farmers.
"The priority is to save lives now, and ensure that we have food, medicine and other lifesaving supplies prepositioned in the field, in easy reach of aid agencies before the rains hit and the roads become impassable," said Lanzer.
Prepositions in English grammars until 1801; with a survey of the Western European background.
A wonderful resource to use when teaching young students about prepositions, this title is also available in French as Devant ma maison.