preposition

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preposition

Prepositions are used to express the relationship of a noun or pronoun (or another grammatical element functioning as a noun) to the rest of the sentence. The noun or pronoun that is connected by the preposition is known as the object of the preposition.
Some common prepositions are in, on, for, to, of, with, and about, though there are many others.
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preposition,

in English, the part of speechpart of speech,
in traditional English grammar, any one of about eight major classes of words, based on the parts of speech of ancient Greek and Latin. The parts of speech are noun, verb, adjective, adverb, interjection, preposition, conjunction, and pronoun.
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 embracing a small number of words used before nouns and pronouns to connect them to the preceding material, e.g., of, in, and about. Prepositions are a class that is typical of the structure of Indo-European languages, but similar classes are found in some other languages.

Preposition

 

a class of syncategorematic words or parts of speech. They are used in many languages, including Indo-European and Semitic, for the expression of various relationships between the dependent and principal members of a word combination. (The dependent member is usually a noun or pronoun.)

The preposition always precedes the dependent member. Functioning only in the role of a syntactic relation marker between the parts of a sentence, prepositions are not themselves members of a sentence. They are classed as primary or derived prepositions.

Primary prepositions are simple in composition and are distinguished by the multiplicity of relations that can be expressed by using them—for example, Russian bez, “without”; nad, “above”; v, “in”; k, “to”; or o, “about.” Derived prepositions are associated in structure and origin with autosemantic words. They may be adverbs (vblizi, “nearby”; navstrechu, “toward”; sboku, “from the side”), denominative prepositions (v oblasti, “in the field of; v tseliakh, “with a view to”), and deverbative prepositions (blagodaria, “(hanks to”; vkliuchaia, “including”).

References in periodicals archive ?
First, we should take a fuller consideration of the propriety of the kinds of prepositional phrases that he utilizes.
Concerning their use as bipositions, recent studies have shown that their prepositional and postpositional uses are not synonymous (Huumo 2010; Huumo forthcoming; Huumo, Lehismets 2011).
Dialectal distribution, composition type and text type" is the title of chapter four, and this chapter is indeed devoted to examining the dialectal distribution of all prepositional phrases covered in the study.
Text 2, on the other hand, construes technical knowledge through the use of technical nouns and expanded noun groups with embedded clauses and prepositional phrases, as well as linking verbs that connect these noun groups.
Chapter Six, "Predicates," focuses on the various words and phrases which can function as predicates (the cores of clauses): verbs, adjectives, nouns (noun phrases), auxiliaries, personal pronouns, numerals, or prepositional phrases.
The apparently prepositional a can be interpreted as the 'neoteric' exclamation a
Beyond the anodyne grip of modernist aesthetics, this Triennale offers a tentative thesis on the country's often overlooked architectural terrain, yet for the moment it remains mostly descriptive rather than prepositional.
I find practicing E-Prime helps me toward a more extensional, more prepositional, and less intensional orientation.
He does not limit himself simply to showing the aesthetic perfection of a prepositional system-which still would be only one among many others in the history of metaphysics.
In (7a) the SOURCE direction is expressed through a separate prepositional projection.
endeavors to reorient the doctrine of providence such that the church understands "God's relation to events in accord with its own Trinitarian insights" (69), in particular the prepositional logic of the Second Council of Constantinople (553)--"from the Father, through the Son, in the Spirit" (70).