preposition

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Related to prepositional: participial

preposition

Prepositions are used to express the relationship of a noun or pronoun (or another grammatical element functioning as a noun) to the rest of the sentence. The noun or pronoun that is connected by the preposition is known as the object of the preposition.
Some common prepositions are in, on, for, to, of, with, and about, though there are many others.
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preposition,

in English, the part of speechpart of speech,
in traditional English grammar, any one of about eight major classes of words, based on the parts of speech of ancient Greek and Latin. The parts of speech are noun, verb, adjective, adverb, interjection, preposition, conjunction, and pronoun.
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 embracing a small number of words used before nouns and pronouns to connect them to the preceding material, e.g., of, in, and about. Prepositions are a class that is typical of the structure of Indo-European languages, but similar classes are found in some other languages.

Preposition

 

a class of syncategorematic words or parts of speech. They are used in many languages, including Indo-European and Semitic, for the expression of various relationships between the dependent and principal members of a word combination. (The dependent member is usually a noun or pronoun.)

The preposition always precedes the dependent member. Functioning only in the role of a syntactic relation marker between the parts of a sentence, prepositions are not themselves members of a sentence. They are classed as primary or derived prepositions.

Primary prepositions are simple in composition and are distinguished by the multiplicity of relations that can be expressed by using them—for example, Russian bez, “without”; nad, “above”; v, “in”; k, “to”; or o, “about.” Derived prepositions are associated in structure and origin with autosemantic words. They may be adverbs (vblizi, “nearby”; navstrechu, “toward”; sboku, “from the side”), denominative prepositions (v oblasti, “in the field of; v tseliakh, “with a view to”), and deverbative prepositions (blagodaria, “(hanks to”; vkliuchaia, “including”).

References in periodicals archive ?
Syntactically speaking, the construction allows the locative argument (adjunct) to be the subject as a result of marked macrorole assignment, which triggers the realization of the other non-selected potential macrorole argument as a prepositional phrase introduced by with.
Sentence (33) does not convey the idea of motion by a path, although it is composed by a verb denoting motion and by a locative prepositional phrase.
The other modifiers contain genitive constructions (devil's, lady's), (7) verbs (bleed, sneeze), prepositional phrases (of the valley, of grace), or a numeral (single).
It is exactly the skillful and appropriate arrangement of the prepositional phrases, the verbal phrases, the serial action verbs and especially the proper uses of transitional words that make the extremely complex and intricately complicated syntactical structures of this long adverbial "When.
While interlingual errors are subcategorized as grammatical, prepositional, and lexical interference, intralingual errors are divided into overgeneralization, incorrect use of articles, spelling, and redundancy.
In this sphere, there is the tendency that the prepositional as well as the procedural dimensions of knowledge are often implicit in the different theoretical and practical approaches of aesthetic knowledge and learning.
StP--'Itl-) or through the pattern with the initial prepositional phrase (as in (1): 1--'itl- [sup.
The legacy of the Scottish Enlightenment can be seen in more recent prohibitions against prepositional phrases.
Prepositional phrases may also contain adjectives and/or adverbs, such as really and messy in the phrase on the really messy table.
Prepositional Clauses in Spanish: A Diachronic and Comparative Syntactic Study
Thus, examples such as those presented in Table 1, which include transitive and intransitive uses of the predicates join and attach both in their prepositional variants and the simple and together reciprocal alternations, will be accounted for by making use of the analytical tools provided by the Lexical Constructional Model and Role and Reference Grammar.