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Prepositions are used to express the relationship of a noun or pronoun (or another grammatical element functioning as a noun) to the rest of the sentence. The noun or pronoun that is connected by the preposition is known as the object of the preposition.
Some common prepositions are in, on, for, to, of, with, and about, though there are many others.
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in English, the part of speechpart of speech,
in traditional English grammar, any one of about eight major classes of words, based on the parts of speech of ancient Greek and Latin. The parts of speech are noun, verb, adjective, adverb, interjection, preposition, conjunction, and pronoun.
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 embracing a small number of words used before nouns and pronouns to connect them to the preceding material, e.g., of, in, and about. Prepositions are a class that is typical of the structure of Indo-European languages, but similar classes are found in some other languages.



a class of syncategorematic words or parts of speech. They are used in many languages, including Indo-European and Semitic, for the expression of various relationships between the dependent and principal members of a word combination. (The dependent member is usually a noun or pronoun.)

The preposition always precedes the dependent member. Functioning only in the role of a syntactic relation marker between the parts of a sentence, prepositions are not themselves members of a sentence. They are classed as primary or derived prepositions.

Primary prepositions are simple in composition and are distinguished by the multiplicity of relations that can be expressed by using them—for example, Russian bez, “without”; nad, “above”; v, “in”; k, “to”; or o, “about.” Derived prepositions are associated in structure and origin with autosemantic words. They may be adverbs (vblizi, “nearby”; navstrechu, “toward”; sboku, “from the side”), denominative prepositions (v oblasti, “in the field of; v tseliakh, “with a view to”), and deverbative prepositions (blagodaria, “(hanks to”; vkliuchaia, “including”).

References in periodicals archive ?
With the focus being fewer forward-deployed land bases, the need for prepositioning was amplified.
LTJG Jonathan Markrich, NCHB1 deployed to Commander, Maritime Prepositioning Force (CMPF) and 2D FSSG FWD, Camp Patriot, Kuwait.
Thus the prepositioning force include lighter carrying ships and special crane ships capable of unloading containers without a port.
Prepositioning and reliance on the Air Force can increase strategic mobility for the Marines just as they have for the Army, but prepositioning must be modified for the new mission.
Prepositioning air munitions on the ground and in ships and the use of transportation assets were considered.
Work will be performed at the Blount Island Command in Jacksonville, Florida (85 percent); aboard 12 maritime prepositioning ships (12 percent); six locations in Norway (2 percent); and one location in Kuwait (1 percent), and is expected to be completed by September 2016.
Additionally, the Marine Corps has used a significant portion of the stocks downloaded from 5 of its 16 prepositioning ships to support operations in Iraq and it is unclear when this equipment will be refilled.
As per the report, WFP announced the urgent need for 377 million USD for its food assistance operations in South Sudan for the next six months, including prepositioning food ahead of the rainy season as 60% of the country will not be reachable from May due to rains
The USNS William McLean is the 12th of a class of 14 dry cargo/ammunition ships slated to serve as Combat Logistics Force (CLF) ships or be part of the Maritime Prepositioning Force.
COL David Perkins, USA, Chief Prepositioning Division

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