presbyterian


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presbyterian

1. of, relating to, or designating Church government by presbyters or lay elders
2. an upholder of this type of Church government

Presbyterian

of or relating to any of various Protestant Churches governed by presbyters or lay elders and adhering to various modified forms of Calvinism
http://www.wikipedia.org/wiki/Presbyterian

Presbyterian

(religion, spiritualism, and occult)

The Presbyterian Church, although divided into many denominations, traces its ancestry back to the Protestant Reformation (see Christianity, Development of). It began with Martin Luther, but some twenty years after he posted his famous Ninetyfive Theses, John Calvin (see Calvin, John, and Jacobus Arminius) laid the basis for the theology that shapes the various Presbyterian churches existing today. John Knox studied with Calvin and took his theology first to Geneva and then, after a political exile, back to Scotland, where the first Presbyterian Church was formed.

Presbyterian doesn't refer to theology as much as it does to church polity. There isn't a lot of theological difference, for instance, between Presbyterians and Congregationalists (see Congregationalism). But there is a world of difference in the way the political hierarchy of the two churches work. Presbyterians are set up, politically, much the same way as the representative government of the United States. Individual churches elect representatives (presbyters) who represent them at a higher level (the presbytery). The presbytery owns the church buildings and has a say in who ministers to the local congregations. It, in turn, is responsible to the synod, elected from the various presbyteries. The presbytery does not go so far as to appoint bishops or individual ministers. The local church session has a lot of say in those matters. The highest elected body is the assembly, which serves the same kind of function as the U.S. Congress. So the Presbyterian political organization of representative government is somewhere in between an Episcopal system and a Congregationalist system.

The Presbyterian Church (USA) is the largest denomination in the United States. But theological differences, mostly involving biblical interpretation, have led to other denominations, such as the Presbyterian Church in America, the Cumberland Presbyterian Church, the Associate Reformed Presbyterian Church, and the Orthodox Presbyterian Church.

The Presbyterian Church is perhaps best known for its use of the Westminster Catechism, still widely used in confirmation classes.

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Church Union, the merging of Methodist, Congregationalist, and Presbyterian denominations into the United Church of Canada in 1925, was, in part, a response to the desire of churchgoers in small prairie communities.
As Martin Luther famously wrote, if you are going to sin, "sin boldly." So if you're going to smoke, why not smoke Presbyterian brand pipe tobacco?
In what could be a major breakthrough, the Presbyterian Church (USA) is on the brink of becoming the second-largest mainstream Protestant denomination in the nation to embrace marriage equality.
This evening in Detroit, the General Assembly of the Presbyterian Church USA approved divestment from three companies which do business with Israel–Hewlett-Packard, Caterpillar, and Motorola Solutions–on the grounds that their products abet the Israeli occupation.
LOUISVILLE (PNS) Kathleen Bostrom, a prolific writer whose works have been translated into 17 languages around the world, has been named recipient of the 2014 David Steele Distinguished Writer Award by the Presbyterian Writers Guild.
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Trenton, NJ, October 02, 2013 --(PR.com)-- Twelve Presbyterian churches from across Central New Jersey will welcome visiting pastors into their pulpits October 13 as part of the first-ever Presbytery Communion Sunday Clergy Exchange.
The first two chapters of the book treat the presbyterian attempt to build an alliance with a legal profession committed to the common law and to assert and propogate within the Church of England a presbyterian system to replace bishops understood as a superior order of clergy.

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