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See also: Presidents of the United States (table)Presidents of the United States
President Political Party Dates in Office Vice President(s)
George Washington   1789–97 John Adams
John Adams Federalist 1797–1801 Thomas Jefferson
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in modern republics, the chief executive and, therefore, the highest officer in a government. Many nations of the world, including the United States, France, Germany, India, and the majority of Latin American nations, have a president as the official head of state. However, the actual power of the presidency varies considerably from country to country. In Germany the presidential power is relatively weak. True executive power rests with the chancellor, and all acts of the president must have his approval or the approval of one of his ministers. The presidential power in India is similarly subordinated to a cabinet of ministers and restricted primarily to ceremonial functions. By contrast, France (under the Fifth Republic), the United States, and some Latin American countries have given the office of the president considerable authority. In Latin America heads of state have not infrequently assumed dictatorial powers, while retaining the title president. The power of the French president is such that he may dissolve parliament at any time, although not more than once a year, and may veto parliamentary bills. He is commander in chief of the armed forces and possesses extraordinary emergency powers. In the United States, Article II of the Constitution provides for the office of the presidency, which is held for four-year terms and filled by election through the electoral collegeelectoral college,
in U.S. government, the body of electors that chooses the president and vice president. The Constitution, in Article 2, Section 1, provides: "Each State shall appoint, in such Manner as the Legislature thereof may direct, a Number of Electors, equal to the
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. The president is given full responsibility for the execution of the laws and is therefore the head of all executive agencies. With the consent of Congress he appoints cabinet members and any other executive officials he sees fit. As commander in chief of armed forces the president has control over the military, although Congress tried to limit his war-making power with the War Powers Act of 1973. He is also responsible for the conduct of foreign affairs, although his treaties and appointments must be approved by the Senate and his expenditures by the House of Representatives. To be eligible for the presidency one must be a native-born citizen, over 35 years old, and at least 14 years resident in the United States. The Twenty-second Amendment (1951) limits a president to two four-year terms. For a list of U.S. presidents, see Presidents of the United StatesPresidents of the United States
President Political Party Dates in Office Vice President(s)
George Washington   1789–97 John Adams
John Adams Federalist 1797–1801 Thomas Jefferson
..... Click the link for more information.
, table.


See M. Cunliffe, American Presidents and the Presidency (1972); L. Fisher, President and Congress (1972); F. I. Greenstein, Leadership in the Modern Presidency (1988); L. Fisher, Presidential War Power (1995).



(1) In many public, scholarly, and scientific establishments and in many organizations and the like, including international ones, the elected head—for example, the president of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR, the president of the International Council of Scientific Unions, the president of the International Academy of Astronautics, or the president of the Soviet-French Friendship Society.

(2) The head of state in countries with a republican form of government. In parliamentary republics, including Italy, India, the Federal Republic of Germany, Turkey, and Lebanon, the president is elected for a constitutionally defined term, either by the parliament or by a special collegium based in the parliament. In presidential republics the president is elected outside of parliament, either by direct elections, as in France, Panama, Paraguay, Colombia, Costa Rica, and Bolivia, or by indirect elections, as in the United States and Argentina.

In presidential republics the president has broad, real powers, since he combines the functions of head of state and head of government. The constitutions of parliamentary republics formally assign broad powers to the president, but in fact these powers are exercised by the prime minister. This arrangement is sometimes further strengthened by the institution of countersignature. In the socialist states of Czechoslovakia, Yugoslavia, the Socialist Republic of Vietnam, and the People’s Democratic Republic of Korea, the head of state is also a president, elected by the highest representative bodies. The president of the Republic of Cuba is elected by the Council of Ministers.

What does it mean when you dream about a president?

Dreaming about the chief of the company or the country suggests concerns about the status and security of one’s job or perhaps one’s opinion about the country’s leader.


1. the chief executive or head of state of a republic, esp of the US
2. (in the US) the chief executive officer of a company, corporation, etc.
3. the chief executive officer of certain establishments of higher education
References in periodicals archive ?
Zardari will receive a guard of honour, the first for a democratically elected president in Pakistan and his successor Mamnoon Hussain will take oath of the presidentship on Monday.
Ongoing consultations are to face the campaign against the Presidentship and maintain equilibrium within the Lebanese political system while handling the proposals of the President and the Premier designate with optimism," Harb said after the meeting.
Their stance was that Mohammad Nawaz Sharif has been disqualified by the Supreme Court, hence he is not eligible for the Presidentship of the party.
Gandhi is currently in the fourth term of the Presidentship which expires in 2015.
There is little doubt that the presidentship of the party will go to a patidar ( Patel) leader from Saurashtra, and in all likelihood, it would be Rupalaji," said a party worker.
Two panels are participating in the election from Punjab as Shahid Hussain was candidate for the post of president and Naveed Shahzad Mirza for general secretary from panel A and Zafar Naqvi was candidate for presidentship and Adnan Rashid for general secretary from Panel B.
A meeting in this regard was held here under the presidentship of DC which was attended by District Nazim Mustafa Khan and others health officers.
Today BJP held its parliamentary board under presidentship of Nitin Gadkari.
The BJP is now likely to offer vice- presidentship of GCA, of which Modi is the president, to Amin.
Four candidates Mohammad Irfanul Haq, Abdul Kahliq Naru, Mujahid Rasul and Faiz Ullah Cheechi are in the field for the slot of the presidentship of Sialkot DBA.
On vice presidentship seat, Mohammad Siddique Dogar bagged 2,033 votes while his rival Zahida Taqdees got 1,590 votes.
I would not want to continue as a member of council under his presidentship," he said.