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pressure gradient[′presh·ər ‚grād·ē·ənt]
The rate of decrease (that is, the gradient) of pressure in space at a fixed time; sometimes loosely used to denote simply the magnitude of the gradient of the pressure field. Also known as barometric gradient.
The change in atmospheric pressure per unit horizontal distance, usually measured along a line perpendicular to the isobars.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.
the change in atmospheric pressure per unit of distance along a normal toward an equal pressure surface (isobaric front) in the direction of a decrease in pressure.
Horizontal pressure gradients are commonly used in meteorology—that is, horizontal components of pressure gradients established at sea level or at another level. In this case, the isobaric normal toward an isobar is taken at a given level. Normally a horizontal pressure gradient is 1–3 millibars per 100 km, but in tropical cyclones the gradient sometimes reaches tens of millibars per 100 km (1 millibar = 100 newtons per sq m). The concept of a barometric grade is often used instead of the vertical pressure gradient.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
The change in pressure with horizontal distance at a fixed time. The higher the pressure gradient, the faster is the fluid flow.
An Illustrated Dictionary of Aviation Copyright © 2005 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved