pressure suit

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pressure suit

[′presh·ər ‚süt]
(aerospace engineering)
A garment designed to provide pressure upon the body so that respiratory and circulatory functions may continue normally, or nearly so, under low-pressure conditions such as occur at high altitudes or in space without benefit of a pressurized cabin.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Pressure Suit


a pilot’s personal equipment for protection against the dangers of low barometric pressure in case of depressurization of the cockpit at altitudes of more than 12-15 km. The pressure suit is a flight suit with an oxygen mask having surplus pressure or with a pressure helmet. It should exert even counterpressure over the entire surface of the body, not hinder the pilot’s movements, and be air- and vapor-tight. The pilot must be able to put it on and take it off without help from others. The maximum flight elevation in the pressure suit depends on the duration of the flight, how well the suit fits, and the physical strain on the pilot. The principle of action of the pressure suit is based on the fact that the surface of the body is subject to mechanical squeezing with specific pressure equal to the pressure of gas in the lungs. This is done by tension devices with pneumatic chambers inside. When they fill with gas, the chambers straighten out, increase in diameter, and stretch the fabric of the suit.


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

pressure suit

A skintight suit that may or may not enclose the body fully and can exert pressure on the major portion of the body to counteract an increased intrapulmonary oxygen pressure. The suit permits the respiratory and circulatory functions to take place normally, or near normally, under low-pressure conditions. The suit is used for high-altitude flying where there is a possibility of explosive decompression. See also partial pressure suit.
An Illustrated Dictionary of Aviation Copyright © 2005 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved
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