Premature Birth

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Premature Birth


the premature ending of pregnancy, the birth of a premature infant. According to various statistics, 2.5 to 5–6 percent of all births are premature. There are various causes of premature birth. Some are associated with the fetus, and others with the mother. The causes include congenital defects in the development of the ovum, hydramnios, anomalies of placental attachment, improper fetal position, gestoses, previous abortions, multiple pregnancy, chronic and acute infections (brucellosis, toxoplasmosis, listeriosis, influenza, tonsillitis, viral hepatitis), inflammatory processes of the sexual organs, neoplasms, infantilism, and muscular insufficiency of the upper uterine cervix. Neuroendocrine disorders (ovarian and thyroid functional disturbances, diabetes) can also cause premature birth. Women with diseases of the kidneys, liver, and cardiovascular and nervous systems often give birth prematurely.

Conservative treatment is directed toward removing the basic causes of the premature birth. Surgery is required when there is muscular insufficiency of the upper uterine cervix. Treatment is administered before and during pregnancy. Preventive and therapeutic measures are directed toward detecting and removing the basic causes of premature birth. Such measures consist primarily of prenatal care of both the mother and fetus.


Persianinov, L. S. “Profilaktika i lechenie pri nedonashivanii beremennosti.” In Zhenskaia konsul’tatsiia, 2nd ed. Minsk, 1962.
Konstantinov, V. I. “Nedonashivanie i perenashivanie beremennosti.” In Mnogotomnoe rukovodstvo po akusherstvu i ginekologii, vol. 3, book 1. Moscow, 1964.
Bodiazhina, V. I., A. I. Liubimova, and I. S. Rozovskii. Privychnyi vykidysh. Moscow, 1973.


References in periodicals archive ?
The results confirm that similar to human preterm survivors, the growth of the hippocampus is impaired.
The researchers also found that preterm births among Latina women were at its peak between February and July 2017.
Physiological and behavioral parameters in preterm infants are often disrupted during sponge bathing.
For first-time mothers, if a woman's risk of spontaneous preterm delivery was 4.9 percent, a positive test result suggested a risk of 20 percent while a negative result reduced this to a 2 percent risk.
Preterm birth is linked with both psychological and physical disabilities and is considered as the leading cause of infant morbidity and mortality worldwide.
At present time in Romania complete population data on preterm birth does not exist, but limited number of articles can be searched on the internet using preterm, birth and Romania as keywords (6-12).
According to the guidelines [6-8], after treatment, the patients were prepared for preterm birth.
An important aspect of prevention of preterm birth is adequate maternal nutrition which is critical for foetal development.
Schulze and her colleagues prospectively followed 69 couples in which the woman was admitted to the hospital at high risk of preterm birth.
Adverse pregnancy outcomes included preterm births, miscarriages, and stillbirths.[sup][10] Preterm birth was defined as births occurring at <37 completed weeks[sup]' gestation.
Antenatal corticosteroid treatment prior to preterm birth is the most important pharmacologic intervention available to obstetricians to improve newborn health.
Objective: To find out the association between maternal serum magnesium levels and preterm labor, neonatal weight, and the duration of labor.