preventive medicine


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preventive medicine,

branch of medicinemedicine,
the science and art of treating and preventing disease. History of Medicine
Ancient Times

Prehistoric skulls found in Europe and South America indicate that Neolithic man was already able to trephine, or remove disks of bone from, the skull
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 dealing with the prevention of disease and the maintenance of good health practices. Until recently preventive medicine was largely the domain of the U.S. Public Health Service or state and local health departments, but it has become an important consideration of health maintenance organizationshealth maintenance organization
(HMO), type of prepaid medical service in which members pay a monthly or yearly fee for all health care, including hospitalization. The term "health maintenance organization" was coined by a health policy analyst, Dr.
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, private practitioners, and other health care providers. Preventive medicine encompasses such activities as research into causes of disease; vaccinationvaccination,
means of producing immunity against pathogens, such as viruses and bacteria, by the introduction of live, killed, or altered antigens that stimulate the body to produce antibodies against more dangerous forms.
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 against those diseases for which the causes are known, e.g., poliomyelitis, influenza, and measles; studies of environmental deterrents to health; and instruction in public health and hygiene. See also eugenicseugenics
, study of human genetics and of methods to improve the inherited characteristics, physical and mental, of the human race. Efforts to improve the human race through bettering housing facilities and other environmental conditions are known as euthenics.
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References in periodicals archive ?
Within this framework, modern preventive medicine detachments, when deployed, address issues similar to those of their civilian counterparts.
No discussion of birth control as preventive medicine would be complete without an acknowledgment that birth control helps prevent the need for abortion.
The school will reopen only after the preventive medicine section gives the green light, zone officials said.
If the administration of Barack Obama follows through on its campaign pledges, we will see an even further increase in the amount of attention paid to both personal preventive medicine and population medicine.
Young (Instructor Department of Social and Preventive Medicine School of Public Health and Health Professions University of Buffalo, State University of New York) is a solid guide for students, professionals, and lay people to the latest industry developments, cost increases, and legal transformations to the American health care system.
His last military duty was as director of occupational and preventive medicine at the U.S Naval Academy.
Hartley, Department of Epidemiology and Preventive Medicine, University of Maryland School of Medicine, 660 West Redwood St, Baltimore, MD 21201, USA; email: dhartley@epi.
In the January issue of the American Journal of Preventive Medicine, Daynard and a co-author note that most of these statutes "do not require a showing that the defendant's misbehavior caused a specific illness." Indeed, "many state consumer protection statutes do not require a showing that individual plaintiffs relied on the [defendant's] misrepresentations."
Balancing preventive medicine costs with catastrophic costs is the dilemma.
"This observational study is limited in that it does not distinguish between smokers and nonsmokers, and did not check the medical records of those involved," remarks Jose Ramon Banegas, a professor of preventive medicine and public health at the Universidad Autonoma in Madrid, Spain.
The Army Contracting Agency at Aberdeen Proving Ground, MD, plans a solicitation for technical support for the Army Center for Health Promotion and Preventive Medicine. This is an 8(a) set-aside.
Co-developed with Tokio Marine & Nichido Medical Service, Fukuda Denshi, Fukuda Life Tech and the Association for Preventive Medicine of Japan, the new program is designed for use in regular medical checkups administered by corporations to their employees.

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