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Related to prickly ash: Japanese prickly ash
prickly ash,name for two deciduous shrubs or small trees (Zanthoxylum americanum and Z. clava-herculis) of the family Rutaceae (ruerue,
common name for various members of the family Rutaceae, a large group of plants distributed throughout temperate and tropical regions and most abundant in S Africa and Australia. Most species are woody shrubs or small trees; many are evergreen and bear spines.
..... Click the link for more information. family). They are native to E North America and have prickly twigs and foliage similar to that of the unrelated ashash,
in botany, any plant of the genus Fraxinus of the family Oleaceae (olive family), trees and shrubs mainly of north temperate regions. The ashes are characterized by small clusters of greenish flowers and by fruits with long "wings" to aid in wind dispersal.
..... Click the link for more information. tree. A pungent aromatic principle in the bark has been used as a home remedy for various ailments including rheumatism and toothaches (hence the local name toothache tree). Z. clava-herculis, of more southerly distribution, is also known as Hercules'-club. Both Hercules'-club and prickly ash are names sometimes used for an unrelated plant of the family Araliaceae (ginsengginseng
, common name for the Araliaceae, a family of tropical herbs, shrubs, and trees that are often prickly and sometimes grow as climbing forms. The true ginseng (Panax ginseng
..... Click the link for more information. family). Other Zanthoxylum species are the sources of Sichuan and Sansho peppercorns (Z. simulans and Z. piperitum, respectively) and of satinwoodsatinwood,
name for a hard and durable wood with a satinlike sheen, much used in cabinetmaking, especially in marquetry. It comes from two tropical trees of the family Rutaceae (rue family).
..... Click the link for more information. (Z. flavum). Prickly ash of the genus Zanthoxylum is classified in the division MagnoliophytaMagnoliophyta
, division of the plant kingdom consisting of those organisms commonly called the flowering plants, or angiosperms. The angiosperms have leaves, stems, and roots, and vascular, or conducting, tissue (xylem and phloem).
..... Click the link for more information. , class Magnoliopsida, order Sapindales, family Rutaceae. The family Araliaceae belongs to the order Apiales.
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These are trees in the Rue family, with sharp thorns sticking out of branches and even the trunk. Northern (30ft,10m) and Southern (45ft, 15m) Prickly Ash are examples. Anti-fungal bark is used as a stimulant, to prevent constriction of blood vessels by insulin. Provides magnoflorine for proper blood flow and xanthoxyclin for circulation. Also used for mouth, throat, stomach, pancreas, digestive system, kidneys, gas, cramping, bloating, pain. Berries used as mouthwash for toothache or powdered as toothpaste. Historically used for dysentery, colic, eruptive diseases, and as a nervous system stimulant for paralysis etc. Berries have stronger effect, but bark is more bitter, which is better for digestion, bile, stomach, liver and gallbladder. Constituents and compounds are strong, so take it easy.
Edible Plant Guide © 2012 Markus Rothkranz