These adjoint solvers, no matter what formulation methodology of the adjoint equations they are based on, are all able to take a primary flow
solution to calculate the sensitivities of the objective functions (e.g., drag or lift force) with respect to each design variable and provide the adjoint solution indicating how to obtain the optimum.
As a result, we have made 850,000 improvements to the data which focused on watercourse connectivity, flow direction, contiguous naming and identified primary flow
"There are several types of system configurations such as constant and variable primary flow
, serial and parallel chiller arrangements and control methods.
These high-pressure refrigerant vapors (7) are introduced in the ejector nozzle as primary flow
where they are accelerated and strongly depressurized.
The standard filter print design shows an area of slow flow near the bottom of the runner on one side, but the primary flow
characteristics are much more uniform in velocity and direction.
* Set the FPTU to maximum flow (no flow at induction at full primary flow
) and then decrease primary flow
to increase induced airflow.
In the short-shot pattern shown here, there are two primary flow
groups (the inside four cavities are flow group #1, and the outside four are flow group #2).
When the mass flow rate (primary flow
) was between 0.09 and 1.4 kg/s at 5.8 mm, the corresponding Reynolds number was oscillating between 1,900 and 20,800.
We classify process as two stages, the resource classification process and the network mapping process, and the resource classification process is further divided into two parts, the primary flow
and the backup flow resource, which can, respectively, form a complete underlying physical network topology.
Therefore, a water system network pressure drop model is presented for variable primary flow
chilled water system here.
Unlike thermal mass flow meters, this primary flow
meter's positive displacement technology provides immediate indication of actual volumetric gas flow rate--accurately and independently of gas type.
The radial-axial flow turbofan engine is characterized by inlet of the primary flow
because has a different position, a radial direction of flow and different geometry than the inlet for the secondary flow, so that the air flow Ma.I from the primary flow
represents the air flow aspirated by the LPC and the air flow [M.sub.a.F] from the secondary flow is the air flow aspirated by the FAN.